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Highly Efficient Electrical Recuperation System

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Mobility book series (LNMOB)


PSA Peugeot Citroën has unveiled in 2013 a new hybrid powertrain concept—Hybrid Air-described as a disruptive hybrid system that makes a major step to lower emissions and fuel economy. With this system during city driving cycle, vehicle operates in Air Mode from 60 to 80 % of the time. As thermal engine operation is resultant of this on and off mode, the alternator is mainly shut off; in consequence, the lead-acid battery has strong cycling increase and can be quickly damaged. Besides, it’s not suitable to power the electrical equipment during such a long time with only battery voltage (lower than 14 V). To fit those requirements, PSA Peugeot Citroën has developed an electrical system called “SPRESSO” performing two major functions: quick storage and energy management. It can handle with high efficiency, the charge and the discharge of a high-capacity electric double layer capacitor (EDLC), minimizing spare stored energy and makes it possible to supply electricity to all vehicle equipment during Air Mode. SPRESSO is compatible with standard 12 V architecture (alternator and lead-acid Battery) and offers a long life and cost effective electrical system to Hybrid Air equipped vehicles.


  • Hybrid air
  • 12 V Electrical recuperation
  • Coasting

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-19818-7_17
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Electrical Double Layer Capacitor


Internal Combustion Engine


Electric and Electronic Systems in Hybrid and Electrical Vehicles and Electrical Energy Management


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The authors wish to thank the other members of the Hybrid Air team; in particular L. Nascimento, S. Da Cruz Peirrera, E. Mizwicky and C. Moez for her contributions to this work.

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Correspondence to B. Boucly .

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© 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

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Boucly, B., Perseval, H. (2016). Highly Efficient Electrical Recuperation System. In: Langheim, J. (eds) Energy Consumption and Autonomous Driving. Lecture Notes in Mobility. Springer, Cham.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-19817-0

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-19818-7

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