Data-Driven Worked Examples Improve Retention and Completion in a Logic Tutor

  • Behrooz Mostafavi
  • Guojing Zhou
  • Collin Lynch
  • Min Chi
  • Tiffany Barnes
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9112)

Abstract

Research shows that expert-crafted worked examples can have a positive effect on student performance. To investigate the potential for data-driven worked examples to achieve similar results, we generated worked examples for the Deep Thought logic tutor, and conducted an experiment to assess their impact on performance. Students who received data-driven worked examples were much more likely to complete the tutor, and completed the tutor in less time. This study demonstrates that worked examples, automatically generated from student data, can be used to improve student learning in tutoring systems.

Keywords

Worked examples Data-driven Problem-solving 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Atkinson, R.K., Derry, S.J., Renkl, A., Wortham, D.: Learning from examples: Instructional principles from the worked examples research. Review of educational research 70(2), 181–214 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mostafavi, B., Eagle, M., Barnes, T.: Towards data-driven mastery learning. In: Proc. Learning, Analytics, and Knowledge (LAK 2015) (to appear, 2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Najar, A., Mitrovic, A.: Should we use examples in intelligent tutors? In: Proc. Computers in Education, pp. 5–7 (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    VanLehn, K.: The Behavior of Tutoring Systems. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education 16(2), 227–265 (2006)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Vanlehn, K., et al.: The Andes physics tutoring system: Lessons learned. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education 15(3), 147–204 (2005)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Behrooz Mostafavi
    • 1
  • Guojing Zhou
    • 1
  • Collin Lynch
    • 1
  • Min Chi
    • 1
  • Tiffany Barnes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUS

Personalised recommendations