The Web, Similarity, and Fuzziness

  • Parisa D. Hossein Zadeh
  • Marek Z. ReformatEmail author
Part of the Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing book series (STUDFUZZ, volume 326)


The Internet is perceived as a source of multiple types of information, a large shopping mall, a social forum and an entertainment hub. The users constantly browse and search the web in order to find things of interest. The keyword-based search becomes less and less efficient in the case of more refined searches where details of items become important. The introduction of Resource Description Framework (RDF) as a relation-based format for data representation allows us to propose a different way of performing a relevancy-based search. The approach proposed is based on representation of items as sets of features. This means that evaluation of items’ relevance is based a feature-based comparison. A more realistic relevancy determination can be been achieved via categorization and ranking of features. The calculated relevancy measures for individual categories of features are aggregated using a fuzzy-based approach.


  1. Berners-Lee, T., Hendler, J., Lassila, O.: The semantic web. Sci. Am. 284, 28–37 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bizer, C., Heath, T., Berners-Lee, T.: Linked data-the story so far. Int. J. Semant. Web Inf. Syst. 4, 1–22 (2009)Google Scholar
  3. Hossein Zadeh, P.D., Reformat, M.Z.: Assessment of semantic similarity of concepts defined in ontology. Inf. Sci. 250:21–39 (2013a)Google Scholar
  4. Hossein Zadeh, P.D., Reformat, M.Z.: Context-aware similarity assessment within semantic space formed in linked data. J. Amb. Intel. Human. Comp. 4:515–532 (2013b)Google Scholar
  5. Levandoski, J.J., Mokbel, M.F.: RDF data-centric storage. In: Proceedings of ICWS 2009: IEEE International Conference on Web Services, Los Angeles, CA, USA, pp. 911–918 (2009)Google Scholar
  6. Lassila, O., Swick, R., Lassila, O., Swick, R.: Resource description framework (RDF) model and syntax specification. W3C Tech Reports and Publications (2014). Accessed 13 Dec 2014
  7. Schmidt, M., Hornung, T., Küchlin, N., Lausen, G., Pinkel, C., Schmidt, M., Hornung, T., Küchlin, N., Lausen, G., Pinkel, C.: An experimental comparison of RDF data management approaches in a SPARQL benchmark scenario. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 5318, LNCS, pp. 82–97 (2008)Google Scholar
  8. Tversky, A.: Features of similarity. Psychol. Rev. 84, 327–352 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Wu, Z., Palmer, M.: Verbs semantics and lexical selection. In: Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics. Stroudsburg, PA, USA, pp. 133–138 (1994)Google Scholar
  10. Zadeh, L.A.: Fuzzy sets. Inf. Control 8, 338–353 (1965)CrossRefzbMATHMathSciNetGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electrical and Computer Engineering DepartmentUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

Personalised recommendations