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Forensic DNA Typing

Chapter

Abstract

Forensic DNA typing is generally dated to 1985 and has become the most commonly performed analysis in the modern forensic science laboratory. The technology and methods have evolved and continue to evolve. Analysis of Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) following polymerase chain reaction amplification is used routinely, but other genetic markers, such as Y chromosome STRs, single nucleotide polymorphisms, and mitochondrial DNA, are also tested. These technologies can be applied to a wide variety of evidentiary specimens and powerfully discriminate individuals. They are commonly introduced into court. In fact, forensic DNA is now considered the “gold standard” of forensic science technologies.

Keywords

Forensic DNA typing Forensic molecular biology Forensic genetics STRs Biological evidence 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Forensic SciencesGeorge Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Forensic Science Program, School of Criminal JusticeMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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