The Role of Affordance in Cyber-Physical Systems for Behavioral Change

  • Federica Cena
  • Amon Rapp
  • Alessandro Marcengo
  • Adelina Brizio
  • Dize Hilviu
  • Maurizio Tirassa
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 150)

Abstract

Cyber-Physical Systems are the next generation of embedded ICT systems, interconnected through the Internet of Things and endowed with data gathering functions and able to provide some output to users. Thanks to their features, if opportunely designed, they can affect user behavior on two levels: by means of the data gathered, promoting self-awareness to motivate change in the long term, and by means of direct physical cues, inviting users to perform some action in real time. The concept of affordance becomes crucial to the latter aspect: it is necessary to design novel, intuitive object affordances that foster a particular behavior.

Keywords

Cyber-Physical systems Internet of things Affordance Behavioral change 

References

  1. 1.
    Marcengo, A., Buriano, L., Geymonat, M.: Specch.io: a personal QS mirror for life patterns discovery and “Self” reshaping. In: Stephanidis, C., Antona, M. (eds.) UAHCI 2014, Part IV. LNCS, vol. 8516, pp. 215–226. Springer, Heidelberg (2014)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bandura, A.: Social cognitive theory of self-regulation. Organ. Behav. Hum. Decis. Process. 50, 248–287 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nakajima, T., Lehdonvirta, V., Tokunaga, E., Kimura, H.: Reflecting human behavior to motivate desirable lifestyle. In: Conference of Designing Interactive Systems, pp. 405–414 (2008)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Burke, L.E., Wang, J., Sevick, M.A.: Self-monitoring in weight loss: a systematic review of the literature. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 111(1), 92–102 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cadmus Bertram, L., Wang, J.B., Patterson, R.E., Newman, V.A., Parker, B.A., Pierce, J.P.: Web-based self monitoring for weight loss among overweight/obese women at increased risk for breast cancer: the HELP pilot study. PsychoOncology 22(8), 1821–1828 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Froehlich, J., Dillahunt, T., Klasnja, P., Mankoff, J., Consolvo, S., Harrison, B., Landay, J.: UbiGreen: investigating a mobile tool for tracking and supporting green transportation habits. In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 1043–1052. ACM, New York, USA (2009)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kay, M., Choe, E.K., Shepherd, J., Greenstein, B., Watson, N., Consolvo, S., Kientz, J.A.: Lullaby: a capture & access system for understanding the sleep environment. In: 2012 ACM Conference on Ubiquitous Computing, pp. 226–234. ACM, New York, USA (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gibson, J.: The theory of affordances. In: Shaw, R.E., Bransford, J. (eds.) Perceiving, Acting, and Knowing: Toward an Ecological Psychology, pp. 67–82. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc, Hillsdale (1977)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cipriani, F., Baldasseroni, A., Franks, S.: Combating a sedentary lifestyle and physical activity promotion. Line – Help. SNLG (2011)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cooper, A.: About Face: The Essentials of User Interface Design. Hungry Minds Inc, New York (1995)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Carassa, A., Morganti, F., Tirassa, M.: Movement, action, and situation: presence in virtual environments. In: Raya, M.A., Solaz, B.R. (eds.) Proceedings of the 7th Annual International Workshop on Presence (Presence 2004 – Valencia, Spain, 13–15 October 2004), pp. 7–12 (2004)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Carassa, A., Morganti, F., Tirassa, M.: A situated cognition perspective on presence. In: Bara, B.G., Barsalou, L., Bucciarelli, M. (eds.) Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (Stresa, Italy, 21–23 July 2005), pp. 384–389 (2005)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tirassa, M., Bosco, F.M.: On the nature and role of intersubjectivity in human communication. Emerg. Commun. Stud. New Technol. Pract. Commun. 10, 81–95 (2008)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jakobson, R.: Saggi di linguistica generale. Feltrinelli, Milano (1996)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Federica Cena
    • 1
  • Amon Rapp
    • 1
  • Alessandro Marcengo
    • 2
  • Adelina Brizio
    • 3
  • Dize Hilviu
    • 3
  • Maurizio Tirassa
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of TorinoTurinItaly
  2. 2.Telecom Italia - Research and PrototypingTurinItaly
  3. 3.Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive ScienceUniversity of TorinoTurinItaly

Personalised recommendations