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Building Domain Specific Sentiment Lexicons Combining Information from Many Sentiment Lexicons and a Domain Specific Corpus

  • Hugo Hammer
  • Anis Yazidi
  • Aleksander Bai
  • Paal Engelstad
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 456)

Abstract

Most approaches to sentiment analysis requires a sentiment lexicon in order to automatically predict sentiment or opinion in a text. The lexicon is generated by selecting words and assigning scores to the words, and the performance the sentiment analysis depends on the quality of the assigned scores. This paper addresses an aspect of sentiment lexicon generation that has been overlooked so far; namely that the most appropriate score assigned to a word in the lexicon is dependent on the domain. The common practice, on the contrary, is that the same lexicon is used without adjustments across different domains ignoring the fact that the scores are normally highly sensitive to the domain. Consequently, the same lexicon might perform well on a single domain while performing poorly on another domain, unless some score adjustment is performed. In this paper, we advocate that a sentiment lexicon needs some further adjustments in order to perform well in a specific domain. In order to cope with these domain specific adjustments, we adopt a stochastic formulation of the sentiment score assignment problem instead of the classical deterministic formulation. Thus, viewing a sentiment score as a stochastic variable permits us to accommodate to the domain specific adjustments. Experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of our approach and its superiority to generic lexicons without domain adjustments.

Keywords

Bayesian decision theory Cross-domain Sentiment classification Sentiment lexicon 

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Copyright information

© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hugo Hammer
    • 1
  • Anis Yazidi
    • 1
  • Aleksander Bai
    • 1
  • Paal Engelstad
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceOslo and Akershus University College of Applied SciencesOsloNorway

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