Skip to main content

SysML-Based Modeling of Token Passing Paradigm in Distributed Control Systems

Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS,volume 522)

Abstract

Distributed control systems are often used in many branches of industry and frequently replace standalone controllers. However, their operation is more complex and include aspects of communication between various devices. To operate correctly, it is crucial to ensure that timeliness of communication is satisfied. In this paper, the approach to modeling of the token passing paradigm, as well as the multi-master communication with token exchange has been presented. The proposed models are based on a few kinds of SysML diagrams, namely Block Definition, Internal Block, State Machine, and Sequence Diagrams. The paper presents a set of dedicating modeling rules together with their detailed explanation.

Keywords

  • Control systems
  • Communication
  • Modeling
  • Token passing

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-19419-6_13
  • Chapter length: 11 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   79.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-19419-6
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   99.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 8.

References

  1. Silva, M., Pereira, F., Soares, F., Leao, C., Machado, J., Carvalho, V.: An overview of industrial communication networks. In: Flores, P., Viadero, F. (eds.) New Trends in Mechanism and Machine Science. Mechanisms and Machine Science, vol. 24, pp. 933–940. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland (2015)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  2. Stój, J.: Real-time communication network concept based on frequency division multiplexing. In: Kwiecień, A., Gaj, P., Stera, P. (eds.) CN 2012. CCIS, vol. 291, pp. 247–260. Springer, Heidelberg (2012)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  3. Gaj, P., Jasperneite, J., Felser, M.: Computer communication within industrial distributed environment - a survey. IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf. 9(1), 182–189 (2013)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  4. Kwiecień, A., Sidzina, M., Maćkowski, M.: The concept of using multi-protocol nodes in real-time distributed systems for increasing communication reliability. In: Kwiecień, A., Gaj, P., Stera, P. (eds.) CN 2013. CCIS, vol. 370, pp. 177–188. Springer, Heidelberg (2013)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  5. Thomesse, J.P.: Fieldbus technology in industrial automation. Proc. IEEE 93(6), 1073–1101 (2005)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  6. IEC 61158 Standard: Industrial Communication Networks - Fieldbus Specifications (2007)

    Google Scholar 

  7. Jestratjew, A., Kwiecień, A.: Using HTTP as field network transfer protocol. In: Kwiecień, A., Gaj, P., Stera, P. (eds.) CN 2011. CCIS, vol. 160, pp. 306–313. Springer, Heidelberg (2011)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  8. Jestratjew, A., Kwiecien, A.: Performance of HTTP protocol in networked control systems. IEEE Trans. Ind. Inf. 9(1), 271–276 (2013)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  9. OMG: OMG Systems Modeling Language, V1.3 (2012)

    Google Scholar 

  10. OMG: OMG Unified Modeling Language, Infrastructure, V2.4.1 (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  11. Jamro, M., Rzońca, D., Trybus, B.: Communication performance tests in distributed control systems. In: Kwiecień, A., Gaj, P., Stera, P. (eds.) CN 2013. CCIS, vol. 370, pp. 200–209. Springer, Heidelberg (2013)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  12. Jamro, M., Rzonca, D.: Measuring, monitoring, and analysis of communication transactions performance in distributed control system. In: Kwiecień, A., Gaj, P., Stera, P. (eds.) CN 2014. CCIS, vol. 431, pp. 147–156. Springer, Heidelberg (2014)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  13. Jamro, M., Trybus, B.: An approach to SysML modeling of IEC 61131–3 control software. In: 2013 18th International Conference on Methods and Models in Automation and Robotics (MMAR), pp. 217–222 (2013)

    Google Scholar 

  14. Jamro, M.: Automatic generation of implementation in SysML-based model-driven development for IEC 61131–3 control software. In: 2014 19th International Conference on Methods and Models in Automation and Robotics (MMAR), pp. 468–473 (2014)

    Google Scholar 

  15. Jamro, M.: SysML modeling of POU-oriented unit tests for IEC 61131–3 control software. In: 2014 19th International Conference on Methods and Models in Automation and Robotics (MMAR), pp. 82–87 (2014)

    Google Scholar 

  16. Jamro, M.: Development and execution of POU-oiented performance tests for IEC 61131-3 control software. In: Szewczyk, R., Zieliński, C., Kaliczyńska, M. (eds.) Recent Advances in Automation, Robotics and Measuring Techniques. AISC, vol. 267, pp. 91–102. Springer, Heidelberg (2014)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  17. Jamro, M., Rzonca, D., Sadolewski, J., Stec, A., Swider, Z., Trybus, B., Trybus, L.: CPDev engineering environment for modeling, implementation, testing, and visualization of control software. In: Szewczyk, R., Zieliński, C., Kaliczyńska, M. (eds.) Recent Advances in Automation, Robotics and Measuring Techniques. AISC, vol. 267, pp. 81–90. Springer, Heidelberg (2014)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  18. Hastbacka, D., Vepsalainen, T., Kuikka, S.: Model-driven development of industrial process control applications. J. Syst. Softw. 84(7), 1100–1113 (2011)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  19. OMG: MDA Specifications. OMG (2014)

    Google Scholar 

  20. Azmoodeh, M., Georgalas, N., Fisher, S.: Model-driven systems development and integration environment. BT Technol. J. 23(3), 96–110 (2005)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  21. Marcos, M., Estevez, E., Iriondo, N., Orive, D.: Analysis and validation of IEC 61131–3 applications using a MDE approach. In: 2010 IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA), pp. 1–8 (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  22. Saifan, A., Dingel, J.: A survey of using model-based testing to improve quality attributes in distributed systems. In: Elleithy, K. (ed.) Advanced Techniques in Computing Sciences and Software Engineering, pp. 283–288. Springer, Netherlands (2010)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  23. Gniewek, L.: Sequential control algorithm in the form of Fuzzy interpreted petri net. IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern.: Syst. 43(2), 451–459 (2013)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  24. Olejnik, R.: Modelling of half-duplex radio access for hopemesh experimental WMN using petri nets. In: Kwiecień, A., Gaj, P., Stera, P. (eds.) CN 2014. CCIS, vol. 431, pp. 108–117. Springer, Heidelberg (2014)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  25. Wenger, M., Zoitl, A., Froschauer, R., Rooker, M., Ebenhofer, G., Strasser, T.: Model-driven engineering of networked industrial automation systems. In: 8th IEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN) 2010, pp. 902–907 (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  26. Schimmel, A., Zoitl, A., Froschauer, R., Rooker, M., Ebenhofer, G.: Model-driven communication routing in industrial automation and control systems. In: 2010 8th IEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN), pp. 896–901 (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  27. Thramboulidis, K., Perdikis, D., Kantas, S.: Model driven development of distributed control applications. Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 33(3–4), 233–242 (2007)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  28. Zaeh, M., Poernbacher, C.: Model-driven development of PLC software for machine tools. Prod. Eng. 2(1), 39–46 (2008)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  29. Zhou, Z., Tang, B., Xu, C.: Design of distributed industrial monitoring system based on virtual token ring. In: 2nd IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications, 2007, ICIEA 2007, pp. 598–603, May 2007

    Google Scholar 

  30. Tovar, E., Vasques, F.: Real-time fieldbus communications using Profibus networks. IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 46(6), 1241–1251 (1999)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Dariusz Rzonca .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2015 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

About this paper

Cite this paper

Jamro, M., Rzonca, D. (2015). SysML-Based Modeling of Token Passing Paradigm in Distributed Control Systems. In: Gaj, P., Kwiecień, A., Stera, P. (eds) Computer Networks. CN 2015. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 522. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-19419-6_13

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-19419-6_13

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-19418-9

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-19419-6

  • eBook Packages: Computer ScienceComputer Science (R0)