Technical Biology and Biomimetics
Practicing biomimetics means learning from nature for the improvement of technology; in the various technical subject areas it is practiced with varying intensity. Of course it can be interesting or even fascinating for the engineer and the architect to dare a peek over the fence into the wealth of living nature. One must only then be cautious of a too direct interpretation. Inspirations from nature for building engineering or architecture will not function if they do not follow the in between step of abstraction. The approach of biomimetics is then a three-step process: Research → Abstraction → Implementation (Nachtigall 2010). There will repeatedly be occasions to point out this process chain, but first it is necessary to introduce some fundamental questions. How did the term “biomimetics” come into existence? Are there definitions? Why does analogue research lie at the basis?