Patient Evaluation

  • Keith R. Pine
  • Brian H. Sloan
  • Robert J. Jacobs


A person may need a prosthetic eye for various reasons. They may have been born without an eyeball (anophthalmia) or with an undeveloped eyeball (microphthalmia). Their eye(s) may have been blinded and scarred due to injury and perhaps become phthisical. They may have had their eyeball removed surgically through enucleation, evisceration or exenteration. They may be young or old; psychologically, medically and physically well or unwell; experienced prosthetic eye wearers; or attending for their first prosthesis (Fig. 4.1). Each patient is unique with his or her own personal history (Fig. 4.2), and all of them are attending to have their prosthetic eye needs dealt with as competently and as efficiently as possible so that they can resume their normal lives.


Rose Bengal Meibomian Gland Blind Side Meibomian Gland Dysfunction Conjunctival Inflammation 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keith R. Pine
    • 1
  • Brian H. Sloan
    • 2
  • Robert J. Jacobs
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Optometry and Vision ScienceThe University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.New Zealand National Eye CentreThe University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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