Anophthalmia and Disfigurement of the Eye

  • Keith R. Pine
  • Brian H. Sloan
  • Robert J. Jacobs


Anophthalmia (the absence of one or both eyes) may be congenital or it may be due to trauma or disease requiring the surgical removal of the eye. Disfigurement of the eye may also result from other congenital defects, trauma or disease, and in these cases, it may be appropriate to use an ocular prosthesis to disguise the disfigurement. It is important that clinicians and caregivers have an understanding of these causes and are knowledgeable about the surgical options such as eye removal and the issues associated with them.


Extraocular Muscle Sympathetic Ophthalmia Orbital Exenteration Porous Implant Ocular Prosthesis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keith R. Pine
    • 1
  • Brian H. Sloan
    • 2
  • Robert J. Jacobs
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Optometry and Vision ScienceThe University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.New Zealand National Eye CentreThe University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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