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Land Cover Change in the Middle River Vistula Catchment

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Stochastic Flood Forecasting System

Abstract

This chapter presents an analysis of land cover and its changes in the Middle River Vistula catchment over the period 1990–2012. The river reach is situated between hydrological gauging stations at Zawichost and at Port Praski (Warsaw). Comprehensive information on land cover and land cover change is a crucial step in understanding and modelling hydrological processes. The land cover and land cover change were derived from the CORINE Land Cover (CLC) inventories. The land cover classes (level 3) were aggregated from the point of view of hydrological processes and anthropogenic impacts into five classes: urban, agricultural, meadow, forest, open spaces and surface water. The analysis of land cover changes was conducted for the entire Middle River Vistula catchment and for the 10 tributaries and 11 adjacent areas. The results indicate that most of the changes (≈−25 %) displayed belong to agricultural areas. Human impacts are mostly noted in the forested areas, bushes, meadows and urban areas.

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the project “Stochastic flood forecasting system (The Middle River Vistula reach from Zawichost to Warsaw)” carried by the Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, on the order of the National Science Centre (contract No. 2011/01/B/ST10/06866).

The authors thank the Chief Inspectorate of Environmental Protection (GIOŚ) for providing the national CLC2006 and CLC2012 databases. The national CLC2012 project was conducted in the framework of the Copernicus GIO Land Monitoring (with funding from the European Union) by the Institute of Geodesy and Cartography in Warsaw.

The Map of Hydrographical Divide of Poland (MPHP) was prepared by the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management and was funded by the National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management.

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Correspondence to M. Gutry-Korycka .

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Gutry-Korycka, M., Mirończuk, A., Hościło, A. (2015). Land Cover Change in the Middle River Vistula Catchment. In: Romanowicz, R., Osuch, M. (eds) Stochastic Flood Forecasting System. GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-18854-6_1

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