Basal Cell Carcinoma

  • Danya Reich
  • Corinna Eleni Psomadakis
  • Bobby Buka


A 50-year-old woman visited the Primary Care clinic for evaluation of dry, scaly, pruritic lesions on her arms and legs that had a history of spontaneously bleeding. After referral to Dermatology, the lesions were biopsied and found to be basal cell carcinoma. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common form of non-melanoma skin cancer. BCC tends to affect older, fair-skinned individuals who have a history of intermittent intense sun exposure, and sun exposure in early life. BCC typically presents as dry, scaly, erythematous plaques, which can be highly pruritic and spontaneously bleed. Following diagnostic confirmation by tissue biopsy, BCC may be treated with cryosurgery, topical chemotherapy, excision, or Mohs micrographic surgery.


Non-melanoma skin cancer NMSC BCC Basal cell carcinoma Skin cancer Keratinocyte Sun exposure Fair skin Excision Biopsy Mohs micrographic surgery 


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danya Reich
    • 1
  • Corinna Eleni Psomadakis
    • 2
  • Bobby Buka
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Family MedicineMount Sinai School of Medicine Attending Mount Sinai Doctors/Beth Israel Medical Group-WilliamsburgBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.School of Medicine Imperial College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of DermatologyMount Sinai School of MedicineNew YorkUSA

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