Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by the Borrelia spirochetes, which are transmitted by Ixodes ticks, and it is endemic in the northeastern States of the USA. The disease most often causes a distinct rash known as erythema migrans, nonspecific flu-like symptoms, and arthralgia. Lyme disease is treated with a 14-day course of oral antibiotics (typically doxycycline). Untreated Lyme disease can lead to neurological and, rarely, cardiovascular complications. The majority of patients experience rash resolution within a few weeks and other symptom resolution within a few months of initiating treatment.
KeywordsErythema migrans Lyme Lyme disease Borreliosis Borrelia burgdorferi Borrelia Spirochete Reactive arthritis Ixodes Ticks Deer tick Ixodes scapularis Babesiosis Vector-borne Tick-borne Arthralgia Chronic Lyme disease Post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome Antibiotics Doxycycline Bell’s palsy Trigeminal neuralgia
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