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Paronychia

  • Danya Reich
  • Corinna Eleni Psomadakis
  • Bobby Buka
Chapter

Abstract

Paronychia is an inflammation of the proximal nail fold and periungual tissue. It is classified as either acute, which typically features a bacterial infection, or chronic, which usually features colonization by Candida albicans yeast. Chronic paronychia is a common occupational dermatitis, affecting individuals whose jobs involve wet work, such as household workers, hairdressers, kitchen staff, and healthcare workers. Treatment of paronychia depends on the subtype. Acute paronychia typically responds to treatment with warm water compresses and topical or oral antibiotics. Chronic paronychia responds well to treatment with potent topical corticosteroids, and additionally benefits from control of any exacerbating factors.

Keywords

Paronychia Nail Periungual Incision and drainage Chronic Acute Bacterial Candida albicans Occupational dermatitis Work related dermatitis Warm water compress Antibiotics Antifungal Topical steroid 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License, which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danya Reich
    • 1
  • Corinna Eleni Psomadakis
    • 2
  • Bobby Buka
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Family MedicineMount Sinai School of Medicine Attending Mount Sinai Doctors/Beth Israel Medical Group-WilliamsburgBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.School of Medicine Imperial College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of DermatologyMount Sinai School of MedicineNew YorkUSA

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