Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy Using Virtual Reality (RE&CBT-VR): A Short Protocol for Social Anxiety Disorder

  • Ioana Alina Cristea
  • Simona Stefan
  • Oana David
  • Cristina Mogoase
  • Anca Dobrean
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Psychology book series (BRIEFSPSYCHOL)


The RE&CBT-VR protocol is targeting adult population diagnosed with Social Anxiety Disorder according to DSM-5 (APA, 2013) as main diagnosis, the performance specifier, or public speaking subtype. This program can also be useful for people who suffer from public speaking anxiety that does not necessarily meet the diagnostic criterion of SAD, but whose occupational or educational functioning is greatly affected. This program is not indicated when (1) the SAD diagnosis is secondary to another axis I diagnosis of psychiatric disorders, like psychotic disorders, bipolar depressive disorders, current substance abuse, dementia, or mental retardation; (2) the SAD diagnosis is secondary to another axis III diagnosis; (3) personality disorders predisposing patients to confusions between the real and virtual realities (paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, borderline, antisocial personality disorders); or (4) suffered anytime during the past 6 months of panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Participants included in some concurrent form of psychotherapy or receiving medication are also excluded.


Autism Spectrum Disorder Virtual Reality Social Anxiety Social Anxiety Disorder Panic Disorder 
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Further Reading

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ioana Alina Cristea
    • 1
  • Simona Stefan
    • 1
  • Oana David
    • 1
  • Cristina Mogoase
    • 1
  • Anca Dobrean
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinical Psychology and PsychotherapyBabes-Bolyai UniversityCluj NapocaRomania

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