General Overview

  • Ioana Alina Cristea
  • Simona Stefan
  • Oana David
  • Cristina Mogoase
  • Anca Dobrean
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Psychology book series (BRIEFSPSYCHOL)


Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent form of psychological disturbance, with 25–30 % lifetime prevalence rates for at least one anxiety disorder (Kessler, Chiu, Demler, & Walters, 2005). The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that anxiety was the most common disorder in almost every country with 1-year prevalence ranging from 2.4 % in Shanghai, China, to 18.2 % in the United States (WHO World Mental Health Survey Consortium, 2004). Anxiety is consistently related to a poorer quality of life (Olatunji, Cisler, & Tolin, 2007) and is also associated with high economic costs, due to the burden it imposes on health services—10–20 % of primary care patients actually suffering from anxiety disorders (Ansseau et al., 2004; Olfson et al., 1997, 2000). Moreover, anxiety disorders tend to become chronic, persisting long over time when untreated (Craske, 2003), while only between one third and one half of treated patients (with panic disorder, social phobia, or generalized anxiety disorder) achieve full remission (Yonkers, Bruce, Dyck, & Keller, 2003) in the course of 8 years. Along with the fact that about 50 % of anxiety disorders remain undetected in primary care (Wittchen & Boyer, 1998), and that many anxiety disorder patients do not present to primary care services (Andrews, Issakidis, & Carter, 2001), the negative consequences of anxiety disorders appear even more prominent. Also, the comorbidity rates, especially with depression and other anxiety disorders, are extremely high, being rather the norm than the exception. For example, more than half the patients diagnoses with an anxiety disorder also suffer from depressive disorders (Kessler et al., 1996), with anxiety disorders tending to precede depressive disorders temporally (Alloy, Kelly, Mineka, & Clements, 1990).


Anxiety Disorder Generalize Anxiety Disorder Social Phobia Panic Disorder Irrational Belief 
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© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ioana Alina Cristea
    • 1
  • Simona Stefan
    • 1
  • Oana David
    • 1
  • Cristina Mogoase
    • 1
  • Anca Dobrean
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinical Psychology and PsychotherapyBabes-Bolyai UniversityCluj NapocaRomania

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