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Ocular Manifestations of Child Abuse

  • Naomie Warner
  • Kathryn M. McCans
  • Alex V. Levin
Chapter

Abstract

Ophthalmic manifestations of child abuse can be seen in the form of physical abuse, neglect and noncompliance, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse. This chapter reviews these forms of abuse and their ocular manifestations. Ophthalmologists are a key component of the multidisciplinary team and may be the first to recognize abuse and neglect or act as consultants describing the ocular findings and their forensic significance.

Keywords

Retinal hemorrhages Sexual abuse Shaken baby syndrome Perimacular folds Retinoschisis Abusive head trauma Medical child abuse Neglect 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naomie Warner
    • 1
  • Kathryn M. McCans
    • 2
  • Alex V. Levin
    • 3
  1. 1.Pediatric Ophthalmology and Ocular GeneticsWills Eye HospitalPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Cooper University HospitalCamdenUSA
  3. 3.Pediatric Ophthalmology and Ocular GeneticsWills Eye Hospital, Thomas Jefferson UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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