Advertisement

Monitoring and Visualising Sub-national Migration Trends in the United Kingdom

Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

Urban policy makers and service providers need to understand the magnitude and dynamics of population migration to and from towns and cities since both the internal and international components are increasingly important in driving urban demographic development. In this chapter, an information system is outlined with a simple interface that allows migration data alongside data for natural change for selected districts or city regions to be tabulated and visualised so that time series trends and spatial patterns can be identified and compared. The data suggest that, during the 2000s, the major cities in the UK collectively experienced significant population growth, a large increase in net international migration and a decline in the relatively longstanding process of counterurbanisation.

Keywords

Internal Migration Spatial Unit Smart City Migration Flow City Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The first author is grateful for funding to support his involvement in this research from the Economic and Social Research Council under project ES/J02337X/1 (UK Data Service Census Support Service). We are grateful for the editorial comments provided by Joe Ferreira.

References

  1. Abel, G., & Sander, N. (2014). Quantifying global international migration flows. Science, 343(6178), 1520–1522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Batty, M. (2012). Smart cities, big data. Environment and Planning B, 39(2), 191–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Centre for Cities. (2014). Smart cities. Briefing Paper. London: Centre for Cities. http://www.centreforcities.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/14-05-29-Smart-Cities-briefing.pdf. Accessed February 20, 2015.
  4. Champion, A. G. (1989). Counterurbanization: The changing pace and nature of population deconcentration. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  5. Crook, A., & Linton, D. (2012, July 17). Its official: Manchester is Britain’s boom city. Manchester Evening News. http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/greater-manchester-news/its-official-manchester-is-britains-boom-691227. Accessed February 20, 2015.
  6. Dennett, A., Stillwell, J., & Duke-Williams, O. (2010). Access to census interaction data. In J. Stillwell, O. Duke-Williams & A. Dennett (Eds.), Technologies for migration and commuting analysis. Spatial interaction data applications (pp. 31–50). Hershey: IGI Global.Google Scholar
  7. Department of Business, Innovation, & Skills. (2013). Smart cities. Background Paper. London: BIS. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/246019/bis-13-1209-smart-cities-background-paper-digital.pdf. Accessed February 20, 2015.
  8. Fielding, A. J. (1992). Migration and social mobility: South East England as an escalator region. Regional Studies, 26(1), 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. House of Commons Treasury Committee. (2008). Counting the population. Eleventh Report of Session 2007–08, House of Commons. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200708/cmselect/cmtreasy/183/183.pdf. Accessed February 20, 2015.
  10. Lomax, N. (2014). Internal and cross-border migration in the United Kingdom: harmonising, estimating and analysing a decade of flow data. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Leeds, Leeds.Google Scholar
  11. Lomax, N., Norman, P., Rees, P., & Stillwell, J. (2013). Sub-national migration in the United Kingdom: producing a consistent time series using a combination of available data and estimates. Journal of Population Research, 30(3), 265–288.Google Scholar
  12. Lomax, N., Stillwell, J., Norman, P., & Rees, P. (2014). Internal migration in the United Kingdom: analysis of an estimated inter-district time series, 2001–2011. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, 7(1), 25–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lyons, M. (2007). Lyons inquiry into local government place-shaping: A shared ambition for the future of local government. London: The Stationery Office. http://www.lyonsinquiry.org.uk/. Accessed February 20, 2015.
  14. National Statistics. (2006). Report of the inter-departmental task force on migration statistics. London: National Statistics. http://collections.europarchive.org/tna/20080729015235/http://statistics.gov.uk/about/data/methodology/specific/population/future/imps/updates/downloads/TaskForceReport151206.pdf. Accessed February 20, 2015.Google Scholar
  15. Office for National Statistics (ONS). (2014a). Methodology guide for mid-2013 UK population estimates (England and Wales). Titchfield: ONS. http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/method-quality/specific/population-and-migration/pop-ests/population-estimates-for-las/index.html. Accessed February 20, 2015.
  16. Office for National Statistics (ONS). (2014b). Beyond 2011, final options report (O4), May. Titchfield: ONS. http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/about-ons/who-ons-are/programmes-and-projects/beyond-2011/reports-and-publications/index.html. Accessed February 20, 2015.
  17. Ravenstein, E. (1885). The laws of migration. Journal of the Statistical Society of London, 48(2), 167–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Roumpani, F., O’Brien, O., & Hudson-Smith, A. (2013). Creating, visualizing and modelling the real-time city. In Proceedings of Hybrid City II ‘Subtle rEvolutions’ Conference, May 2013. http://casa.oobrien.com/misc/presentations/roumpani2012a.pdf. Accessed February 20, 2015.
  19. Sander, N., Abel, G., Bauer, R., & Schmidt, J. (2014). Visualising migration flow data with circular plots. Working Paper 02/2014. Vienna: Vienna Institute of Demography.Google Scholar
  20. Stillwell, J., & Duke-Williams, O. (2003). A new web-based interface to British census of population origin-destination statistics. Environment and Planning A, 35(1), 113–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Stillwell, J., Bell, M., Blake, M., Duke-Williams, O., & Rees, P. (2000). A comparison of net migration flows and migration effectiveness in Australia and Britain: Part 1, Total migration patterns. Journal of Population Research, 17(1), 17–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Stillwell, J., Bell, M., Blake, M., Duke-Williams, O., & Rees, P. (2001). A comparison of net migration flows and migration effectiveness in Australia and Britain: Part 2, Age-related migration patterns. Journal of Population Research, 18(1), 19–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Tobler, W. (1987). Experiments in migration mapping by computer. The American Cartographer, 14(2), 155–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Unsworth, R. (2005). City living in Leeds—2005. Leeds: KW Linfoot Plc. and University of Leeds. http://www.leeds.gov.uk/docs/CD5-3%20KW%20Linfoot,%20Rachel%20Unsworth,%20City%20Living%20in%20Leeds%202005.pdf. Accessed February 20, 2015.
  25. Unsworth, R., & Stillwell, J. (Eds.). (2004). Twenty-first century Leeds: Geographies of a regional city. Leeds: Leeds University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of GeographyUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK
  2. 2.Vienna Institute of Demography (Austrian Academy of Sciences)Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human CapitalViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations