Finite Element Analysis of Stress Concentrations in Isotropic and Composite Plates with Elliptical Holes

  • Abdelhak KhechaiEmail author
  • Abdelouahab Tati
  • Mohamed Ouejdi Belarbi
  • Abdelhamid Guettala
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


Panels and shells with variously shaped cutout are often used in both modern and classical aerospace, mechanical and civil engineering structures. The understanding of the effects of cutout on the load bearing capacity and stress concentration of such plates/shells is very important in designing of structures. Finite element investigation is undertaken to study the stress analysis of plates with central elliptical holes. In this study, the stress concentration factors (SCF) in cross-and-angle-ply composite plates as well as in isotropic plates subjected to uniaxial loading is studied. The main objective of this study is to demonstrate the accuracy of present element for stress analysis of plates with central cutout. The varying parameters, such as cutout shape (circular or elliptical), hole sizes (a/b) or cutout orientations, which affect the stress distributions and SCF in the perforated plates, are considered. The numerical results obtained by the present element are compared favorably with the analytic findings published in literature, which demonstrates the accuracy of the present element.


finite element analysis laminated composite plates stress concentration geometric singularity 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdelhak Khechai
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abdelouahab Tati
    • 2
  • Mohamed Ouejdi Belarbi
    • 2
  • Abdelhamid Guettala
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Civil EngineeringUniversity of BiskraBiskraAlgeria
  2. 2.Laboratory of Energy Engineering and MaterialsUniversity of BiskraBiskraAlgeria

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