Interventional oncology contains a broad scope of image-guided percutaneous and transcatheter endovascular techniques used for the diagnosis and treatment of oncology patients. These techniques differ from and are complementary to medical, radiation, and surgical treatment. The role of the interventional radiologist (IR) has grown to participation in multidisciplinary teams and assistance with patient management and treatment planning. Interventional oncology procedures include tumor ablative therapy, transarterial therapies, and adjuvant therapies including portal vein embolization. Increased understanding of the role of minimally invasive image-guided therapy for the care of oncology patients is important for the evolving role of the interventional radiologist.
KeywordsInterventional oncology Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) Drug-eluting bead transarterial chemoembolization (DEB TACE) Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) Microwave ablation (MWA) Irreversible electroporation (IRE) Model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) Portal vein embolization