Unsupervised Method for Water Surface Extent Monitoring Using Remote Sensing Data

  • Xi C. Chen
  • Ankush Khandelwal
  • Sichao Shi
  • James H. Faghmous
  • Shyam Boriah
  • Vipin Kumar

Abstract

Inland surface water availability is a serious global sustainability challenge. Hence, there is a need to monitor surface water availability, in order to better manage it under an increasingly changing planet. So far, a comprehensive effort to understand changes in inland surface water availability and dynamics is lacking. Remote sensing instruments provide an opportunity to monitor surface water availability on a global scale, but they also introduce significant computational challenges. In this chapter, we present an unsupervised method that overcomes several challenges inherent in remote sensing data to effectively monitor changes in surface water bodies. Using an independent validation dataset, we compare the proposed method with two cluster algorithms (K-MEANS and EM) as well as an image segmentation algorithm (normal-cut). We show that our method is more efficient and reliable.

Keywords

Spatiotemporal data mining Spatiotemporal clustering Changes of water extent 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xi C. Chen
    • 1
  • Ankush Khandelwal
    • 1
  • Sichao Shi
    • 1
  • James H. Faghmous
    • 1
  • Shyam Boriah
    • 1
  • Vipin Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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