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Towards a Governable Co-management in South Korean Small-Scale Fisheries: Interactions of Institutions and Stakeholders’ Mindset

  • Andrew M. Song
Part of the MARE Publication Series book series (MARE, volume 13)

Abstract

This chapter explores interactions between institutions and stakeholders’ mindset in the context of a fisheries co-management system in South Korea. Locally called Jayul, this co-management system was initiated by the central government to address resource degradation and illegal fishing concerns by involving small-scale, coastal fishing communities in fisheries management. As part of this, the program strives to affect changes in the minds of involved stakeholders, most notably fishers, to instill certain ideals such as self-initiative, community cohesion, and local rule-setting. Using semi-structured and open-ended surveys as a primary method, I conducted a study to examine the ‘match’ between the institutional aims of the Jayul program and the people’s mindset. Results show that while mismatches prevail suggesting that implementation has been less than effective, some attunement of this co-management institution can be done to better align with the mindset of small-scale fishing people, such as incorporating the principles of equity and adjacency. I argue that such attentive consideration towards the institutional design and implementation is crucial for improving the governability of the system and facilitating the governance transition.

Keywords

Governance transition Co-management Stakeholder mindset Fisheries Institutions Institutional match Jayul program South Korea 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Funding for this study was provided by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. I am very grateful for the support and guidance of Ratana Chuenpagdee in all stages of the research process. I also thank two anonymous reviewers for their insightful feedback on an earlier draft of this manuscript. If any errors remain, they are the sole responsibility of the author.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyMemorial UniversitySt. John’sCanada

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