AGILE 2015 pp 73-89 | Cite as

A Gamification Framework for Volunteered Geographic Information

  • Roberta MartellaEmail author
  • Christian Kray
  • Eliseo Clementini
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)


Using crowdsourcing methods to gather large amounts of useful geodata presents many challenges. One challenge is to attract volunteers to participate in crowdsourcing activities. Several studies conclude that to encourage crowdsourcing it is necessary to take into account people’s intrinsic motivation (e.g. fun, altruism, ambition). Gamification is a useful approach to promote people’s motivation and engagement. The work we report on in this paper tries to give an answer to the question “How to use concepts provided by gamification in order to motivate individuals to participate in crowdsourcing applications in the geospatial context? How to best combine these two worlds?” We designed a gamification framework for VGI processes and applied the framework to an existing application for evaluation purposes. Such a framework is intended for application developers as a guideline to apply principles from gamification to collect user-generated geospatial data.


Intrinsic Motivation Geographic Data Volunteer Geographic Information Player Type Game Mechanism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We would like to thank Mijail Juanovich Naranjo Zolotov for performing the user study on comparing the gamified and non-gamified application. We would also like to thank the anonymous reviewers for several insights that helped us improve the paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberta Martella
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christian Kray
    • 2
  • Eliseo Clementini
    • 1
  1. 1.University of L’AquilaL’AquilaItaly
  2. 2.University of MünsterMünsterGermany

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