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Phytoremediation Crops and Biofuels

  • Chapter
Sustainable Agriculture Reviews

Part of the book series: Sustainable Agriculture Reviews ((SARV,volume 17))

Abstract

Environmental decontamination is an integral part of sustainable development. In recent years there has been growing interest in using plants for decontamination. On the other hand, water, soil and air are increasingly contaminated. Large amounts of toxic waste have been dispersed in thousands of contaminated sites spread all over the globe. These pollutants belong to two main classes: inorganic and organic. The challenge is to develop innovative and cost-effective solutions to decontaminate polluted environment. Phytoremediation is emerging as an invaluable tool for environmental cleanup. Various strategies are being applied to reduce the accumulation of toxic metals in plants. Cultivation of edible crops in contaminated soils is a subject of human health concern if the contaminant concentration in the edible parts of crops plant exceed the permissible level. In such cases non-food crop production viz. value chain and value additions appears profitable. In this review: (1) the contamination due to industrial effluents in peri urban region of greater Hyderabad, and (2) the strategies to use contaminated soil and water for raising phytoremediation crops, and generation of value products. Crops and products include medicinal and aromatic plants, ornamental plants, biofuels, tree crops, fiber crops, dyes, and plants for carbon sequestration.

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Acknowledgements

The author gratefully acknowledge the award of Pitamber Pant National Environment Fellowship for the year 2007 by the M/o Environment and Forests, GOI, New Delhi (MoEF Ref.No 17/3/2010-RE Dt 29-2-2012). The author is indebted to Dr. Eric Lichtfouse for invaluable suggestions on this Ms and inputs for improvement. Thanks are due to Dr K. Jayaram, Research Associate (until September 2013) for help in field work and literature collection. Thanks are also due to Dr G.V. Subrahmanyam, Advisor, Dr Tashi Wangdi, Addl. Director, MoEF, New Delhi for encouragement. Assistance received from several of my students and Dr Adarsh Kumar is thankfully acknowledged. Thanks are also due to TATA Steel, West Bokaro Coalfields for permission to conduct fieldwork related to mulberry cultivation on mine over dumps, Springer, Elsevier, John Wiley & Sons, CRC Press (Taylor & Francis), Vetiver network, Shrishti Eco-Research Institute, Pune Nyveli Lignite Corporation are gratefully acknowledged for valuable resources. Mr M.V. Bhaskar “Kadambari Consultants Pvt Ltd - NUALGI”.

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Prasad, M.N.V. (2015). Phytoremediation Crops and Biofuels. In: Lichtfouse, E. (eds) Sustainable Agriculture Reviews. Sustainable Agriculture Reviews, vol 17. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16742-8_7

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