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Introduction and Literature Review: Is Parent–Child Contact During Parental Incarceration Beneficial?

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Abstract

Contact between incarcerated parents and their children has received increased attention because of the growing number of incarcerated parents and the potential effects of contact on child and adult relationships and well-being, parenting, and corrections-related issues such as institutional behavior and recidivism. This introductory chapter summarizes variations in parent–child contact by facility type (i.e., local jails, state prisons, federal prisons) and reviews common practices in jails and prisons across the United States. The benefits of and barriers to different types of parent–child contact in the context of corrections are also summarized, including letter writing, email, phone calls, and personal visits (e.g., face-to-face, video, barrier). Finally, we summarize the literature on the impact of parent–child contact for parents, children, and families.

Keywords

  • Children
  • Incarceration
  • Jail
  • Parent–child contact
  • Prison
  • Parenting
  • Parent–child relationships

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Fig. 1.1

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Acknowledgements

Dr. Shlafer’s time on this publication was supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences of the National Institutes of Health Award Number UL1TR000114. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

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Correspondence to Rebecca J. Shlafer Ph.D. .

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Shlafer, R.J., Loper, A.B., Schillmoeller, L. (2015). Introduction and Literature Review: Is Parent–Child Contact During Parental Incarceration Beneficial?. In: Poehlmann-Tynan, J. (eds) Children’s Contact with Incarcerated Parents. SpringerBriefs in Psychology(). Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16625-4_1

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