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Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNTCS,volume 9027)


This paper is interested in the artistic possibilities of systematic translations of sound or music into three-dimensional form. The generation of static two and three-dimensional form based on music or sound has been used by various artists, architects, scientists and technicians.

The time-based attributes of a sound can be directly transformed into spatial dimensions of the generated form. A two-dimensional example is the visualisation of a sound wave in which the time of the sound is recorded from left to right, while the frequency, another time-based attribute of the sound, is recorded in the vertical direction.

Many attempts in generating systematic three-dimensional translations are taking the form of single-surface morphologies, due to most data which can be extracted from a sound being dependent variables for any given time-frequency coordinate. We are proposing a system of analysing reassigned sound data within a variable time frame as a tool to extract multiple consecutive layers of information, which in their combination have the potential to form non-surface morphologies.

The artistic possibilities of the morphologies as an architectural geometry has been tested with the design of an exhibition for Design Shanghai 2013.


  • Architecture
  • Sound
  • Data
  • Form
  • Reassignment
  • Echo

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-16498-4_12
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Correspondence to Christoph Klemmt .

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Klemmt, C., Sodhi, R. (2015). Echo. In: Johnson, C., Carballal, A., Correia, J. (eds) Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design. EvoMUSART 2015. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 9027. Springer, Cham.

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