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Update of Endodontic Irrigating Solutions

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Abstract

Successful root canal therapy depends on thorough debridement of pulpal tissue, dentin debris, and infective microorganisms. Currently, it is impossible to predictably eradicate intraradicular infection with mechanical instrumentation alone. Therefore, irrigants are required to be used as an important addition in the disinfection process. This chapter analyzes the main irrigating solutions used during the endodontic treatment and their actions and interactions among them. Explanation of their mechanism of action and effect on dentin structure and on biofilm is also described. A clinical protocol is proposed at the end of the chapter.

Keywords

  • Endodontic irrigation
  • Endodontic treatment
  • Apical periodontitis
  • Anatomical complexities
  • Dentin structure
  • Dentin constituents
  • Antiseptic solutions
  • Biofilms
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate
  • Decalcifying agents
  • Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
  • HEBP
  • Smear layer removal
  • QMiX

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Correspondence to Bettina Basrani DDS, MSc, RCDC (F), PhD .

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Basrani, B., Malkhassian, G. (2015). Update of Endodontic Irrigating Solutions. In: Basrani, B. (eds) Endodontic Irrigation. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16456-4_5

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