Iran’s Experience on Living and Brain-Dead Organ Donation: A Critical Review

Part of the International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine book series (LIME, volume 59)


Located in the Middle East region, Iran is a large country with an area covering about 1.65 million km2 and a population of some 75 million. The prevalence of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) in Iran is increasing, e.g. the prevalence and incidence rates of ESRD in Iran increased from 238 per million people (pmp) and 49.9 pmp in 2000 to 357 pmp and 63.8 pmp in 2006, respectively. Accordingly, each year an increasing number of patients in Iran find themselves in desperate need of kidney replacement therapy in the form of dialysis or transplantation; the latter being the permanent treatment.


Kidney Transplantation Organ Donation Brain Death Deceased Donor Live Donor Kidney Transplantation 
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The abstract of this article was first presented at the International Bioethics Workshop for Young Scholars, titled Organ Transplantation in Times of Donor Shortage: Interdisciplinary Challenges and Solutions, held by the Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) Munich, Germany, February 25-March 2, 2012. I would like to express my gratitude to the leaders and organizers of that workshop, especially Prof Dr. Georg Marckmann and PD Dr. Ralf J. Jox for that great and fruitful event. Also, I would like to extend my many thanks to Dr. Galia Assadi for all her assistance and cooperation through the workshop and the process of writing and finalizing this article. Last but not least, I would like to appreciate the helpful and informative comments provided by Dr. Barbro Fröding, the reviewer of this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research CenterTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Center for Healthcare EthicsDuquesne UniversityDuquesneUSA

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