Iran’s Experience on Living and Brain-Dead Organ Donation: A Critical Review



Located in the Middle East region, Iran is a large country with an area covering about 1.65 million km2 and a population of some 75 million. The prevalence of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) in Iran is increasing, e.g. the prevalence and incidence rates of ESRD in Iran increased from 238 per million people (pmp) and 49.9 pmp in 2000 to 357 pmp and 63.8 pmp in 2006, respectively. Accordingly, each year an increasing number of patients in Iran find themselves in desperate need of kidney replacement therapy in the form of dialysis or transplantation; the latter being the permanent treatment.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research CenterTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Center for Healthcare EthicsDuquesne UniversityDuquesneUSA

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