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Introduction

  • Wibke ErdmannEmail author
  • Dieter Kelletat
  • Anja Scheffers
  • Simon K. Haslett
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)

Abstract

Western Ireland has one of the most exposed coastlines of the world. Its large coastal boulder deposits challenge researchers to solve the question of transport: by extreme storm waves, or by tsunamis? This chapter presents the state of the discussion, based on the storm history of the region and in particular on recent field inspections of the transport energy of six extraordinary winter storms of the season 2013/14. To build a base for conclusions from Ireland on similar boulder deposits worldwide, references on other regions and in particular from near-time inspections of storm effects are presented. The challenges to solve this imply how precise wave heights measured in the open ocean are significant for their energies at the coastline, and how the transport process by storm waves at near vertical cliff faces in fact works. As all the deposits derive from a high sea-level of the Recent Holocene, any variations in sea-level over the last >6000 years have also to be considered.

Keywords

Coastal boulders Storm waves Tsunamis Western Ireland Recent winter storms Wave transport modes 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wibke Erdmann
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dieter Kelletat
    • 1
  • Anja Scheffers
    • 2
  • Simon K. Haslett
    • 3
  1. 1.Seminar for Geography and EducationUniversity of CologneCologneGermany
  2. 2.Southern Cross GeoScienceSouthern Cross UniversityLismoreAustralia
  3. 3.Coastal and Marine Research GroupUniversity of WalesCardiffUnited Kingdom

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