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Table 9.1 The evolution of Austrian integration policy – at a glance

From: Research-Policy Dialogues in Austria

  Development phases
1960–1990 The ‘Guestworker’-Paradigm
Social partners (Sozialpartnerschaft) regulate immigration through bilateral recruitment agreements; due to the dominance of the rotation principle legal, political and social aspects of integration are not considered
1980/1990s Integration enters the political arena
New political actors (Greens, FPÖ); fall of the Iron Curtain increases immigration from Eastern Europe, particularly Bosnia Herzegovina; ‘Integration before new immigration’ becomes guiding principle; Ministry of Interior assumes central role
1995–1997 Milestones of Austrian integration policy
The then liberal Minister of Interior, Caspar Einem, proposes amendments to the Foreigners Law under the heading of ‘integration package’. He experiences a defeat. His successor Karl Schloegl is successful in enforcing a consolidation of the right to stay (Aufenthaltsverfestigung).
Since 2000- ‘A duty to integrate’ (“ Fordern statt Fördern ”)
1998 – Citizenship Law Amendment = Proof of personal and professional integration as well as language knowledge; 2002 – Integration agreement makes language course compulsory; 2006 – citizenship test; 2010 – National Action Plan for Integration; 2011 -Reform of language requirements, pre-entry courses become compulsory
  1. Source: Author’s own elaboration