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Writing an Exercise Prescription for Older Adults

  • Debra J. RoseEmail author

Key Points

  • Prescribing exercise for older adults is both a science and an art.

  • Three senior-specific principles—functional relevance, challenge, and tailoring or adaptation—should guide the development of an exercise prescription.

  • The exercise prescription for older adults should be multicomponent and include aerobic endurance, muscle strengthening, flexibility, and balance training.

  • Adjustments to the environment, communication techniques, and number of different exercises can safely engage older adults with sensory losses or cognitive impairment in exercise programs.

Keywords

Aerobic Agility Balance Endurance Exercise prescription Fitness Flexibility Older adult Physical activity Resistance Strengthening Stretching 

References

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Resources

  1. American College of Sports Medicine Position Stands. www.acsm.org.
  2. Jones CJ, Rikli RE. Senior fitness test manual. 2nd ed. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 2013.Google Scholar
  3. National Institute of Aging. Exercise and physical activity everyday guide. 2009. http://www.nia.nih.gov/sites/default/files/exercise_guide.pdf.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of KinesiologyCalifornia State University, FullertonFullertonUSA

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