Frailty is a clinical syndrome that increases in prevalence with increasing age.
Frailty is strongly associated with poor outcomes for older adults: functional loss, falls, hospitalization, and death.
Screening tools, developed for research, may be adaptable for clinical settings.
Frailty can be treated with exercise and thus may be reversible, if recognized.
KeywordsFrailty Deconditioning Exhaustion Older adult Elder Exercise Resistance Aerobic Endurance Sarcopenia
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- American Geriatrics Society Geriatric Evaluation and Management Tool for frailty. http://familymed.uthscsa.edu/gerifellowship/redirect/articles/CLC/Geriatrics%20Eval%20Management%20Tool%20for%20Frailty.pdf
- Clinical Frailty Scale. http://geriatricresearch.medicine.dal.ca/pdf/Clinical%20Faily%20Scale.pdf
- Gerontopole Frailty Screening Tool (in English; other languages are available) http://www.frailty.net/Media/Default/Diagnostictools/Gerontopole_Frailty_Screening_Tool_English.pdf
- Physical Performance Test. http://www.rehabmeasures.org/Lists/RehabMeasures/DispForm.aspx?ID=1104 and scoring form, http://www.brightonrehab.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Physical-Performance-Test-PPT.pdf
- Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). http://geriatrictoolkit.missouri.edu/ShortPhysicalPerformanceBattery.pdf and diagrams and explanations, http://www.ndorms.ox.ac.uk/prove/documents/assessors/outcomeMeasures/SPPB_Protocol.pdf