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The Physiology of Aging and Exercise

  • Maren S. FragalaEmail author

Key Points

  • Biological aging does not always align with chronological aging.

  • Age-related alterations in the neuromuscular and cardiovascular systems may have the greatest impact on physical function.

  • Disability and aerobic physical frailty are related and have profound effects upon outcomes important to older adults, such as nursing home residence and mortality.

  • Physiologic aging mimics “disuse” syndromes.

  • Exercise reverses many physiological changes commonly associated with aging.

  • Disuse may actually be a key cause of primary aging.

Keywords

Biology Physiology Aging Senescence Exercise Physical activity Sarcopenia Body systems 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Exercise Physiology and WellnessUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA

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