Abstract

This chapter discusses the future of the academic profession based on the CAP data and previous studies. One major environmental change is managerial reforms under the neo-liberalism. At the same time, the reforms affect academics’ teaching, research, and service activities, e.g., the division of labor between academics on these three functions. In addition, their job satisfaction is declining and their job stress is increasing with the fragmentation of their academic works. In the future, this fragmentation will be accelerated by global competition, and an academic job may not differ much from other professional jobs. As a result, the author predicts that academics will move into various different roles, and over time the differences between academics and other professionals will gradually be reduced.

References

  1. Becher, T., & Trowler, P. R. (2001). Academic tribes and territories. Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Berdahl, R. O. (1971). Statewide coordination of higher education. Washington D.C.: American Council on Education.Google Scholar
  3. Bozeman, B., & Gaughan, M. (2011). Job satisfaction among university faculty: Individual, work and institutional determinants. Journal of Higher Education, 82(2), 154–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. (1982). The control of the campus: A report on the governance of higher education. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Clark, B. R. (1983). The higher education system: Academic organization in cross-national perspective. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  6. El-Khawas, E. (2008). Emerging academic identities: A new research and policy agenda. In A. Amaral, I. Bleiklie, & C. Musselin (Eds.), From governance to identity. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  7. Hendel, D. D., & Horn, A. S. (2008). The relationship between academic life conditions and perceived sources of faculty stress over time. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 17(1/2), 61–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Herzberg, F., Mausner, B., & Snyderman, B. B. (1959). The motivation to work. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  9. Hood, C. (1995). The “new public management in the 1980s: Variations on a theme”. Accounting Organizations and Society, 20(2/3), 93–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Houston, D., Meyer, L. H., & Paewai, S. (2006). Academic staff workloads and job satisfaction: Expectations and values in academe. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 28(1), 17–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lallement, M. (2007). Le Travail, Une Sociologie Contemporatine. Paris: Folio, Gallimard.Google Scholar
  12. Leisyte, L., Enders, J., & de Boer, H. (2009). The balance between teaching and research in Dutch and English universities in the context of university governance reforms. Higher Education, 57(4), 509–531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Locke, W., Cummings, W., & Fisher, D. (2011). Governance and management in higher education: The perspective of the academy. Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Marsh, H. W., & Hattie, J. (2002). The relation between research productivity and teaching effectiveness: Complementary, antagonistic, or independent constructs? The Journal of Higher Education, 73(5), 603–641.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Musselin, C. (2008). Towards a sociology of academic work. In A. Amaral, I. Bleiklie, & C. Musselin (Eds.), From governance to identity. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  16. Shin, J. C. (2011). Teaching and research nexuses in a research university in South Korea. Studies in Higher Education, 36(4), 485–503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Shin, J. C. (2013, October). Typology of higher education governance across 19 systems. Paper presented at the International Symposium of Japanese Society for Education Administration, Kyoto.Google Scholar
  18. Shin, J. C. (2014a). The university as an institution of higher learning: Evolution or devolution? In J. C. Shin & U. Teichler (Eds.), The future of the post-massified university at the crossroads (pp. 13–27). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Shin, J. (2014b). Restructuring university systems: Multilayer multiple systems. In J. Shin & U. Teichler (Eds.), The future of the post-massified university at the crossroads (pp. 217–227). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Shin, J. C., & Cummings, W. K. (2013). Teaching and research across higher education systems: A typology and implications. In J. Shin, A. Arimoto, W. K. Cummings, & U. Teichler (Eds.), Teaching and research in contemporary higher education: Systems, activities, nexus, and rewards (pp. 381–394). Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  21. Shin, J., & Harman, G. (2009). New challenges for higher education: Asia-Pacific and global perspectives. Asia Pacific Education Review, 10(1), 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Shin, J. C., & Jang, Y. S. (2013). World-class university in Korea: Proactive government, responsive university, and procrastinating academics. In J. C. Shin & B. M. Kehm (Eds.), Institutionalization of world-class university in global competition (pp. 147–164). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Shin, J. C., & Jung, J. (2014). Academics job satisfaction and job stress across countries in the changing academic environments. Higher Education. doi:10.1007/s10734-013-9668-y.Google Scholar
  24. Shin, J. C., & Kehm, B. M. (Eds.). (2013). Institutionalization of world-class university in global competition. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  25. Shin, J. C., & Kim, Y. (2014). Economic crisis and the post-massification of higher education. In J. C. Shin & U. Teichler (Eds.), The future of the post-massified university at the crossroads (pp. 45–57). Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shin, J. C., & Teichler, U. (Eds.). (2014). The future of the post-massified university at the crossroads. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  27. Shin, J. C., & Toutkoushian, R. K. (2011). The past, present, and future of university rankings. In J. C. Shin, R. K. Toutkoushian, & U. Teichler (Eds.), University rankings: Theoretical basis, methodology, and impacts on global higher education. Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Shin, J. C., Arimoto, A., Cummings, W. K., & Teichler, U. (Eds.). (2013). Teaching and research in contemporary higher education: Systems, activities, nexus, and rewards. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  29. Shin, J. C., Lee, S., & Kim, Y. (2014). Research collaboration across higher education systems: Maturity of higher education systems, language use, and regional differences. Studies in Higher Education, 38(3), 425–440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Slaughter, S., & Rhoades, G. (2004). Academic capitalism and the new economy: Markets, state and higher education. Baltimore/London: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Thorsen, E. J. (1996). Stress in academe: What bothers professors? Higher Education, 31(4), 471–489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Volkwein, J. F., & Malik, S. M. (1997). State regulation and administrative flexibility at public universities. Research in Higher Education, 38(1), 17–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EducationSeoul National UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations