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Abstract

This chapter discusses the approach the Italian Government is taking to cope with an increasingly diverse population. It focuses particularly on the circumstances of the Romani communities in the sphere of education and social justice, but also deals with marginalised migrant communities. Based on fieldwork conducted in Rome between 2011 and 2012, and an analysis of relevant secondary sources, this chapter draws attention to the educational system and its capacity to deal with ethnic and cultural diversity. Analysis of the via Italiana (the “Italian way”) of promoting intercultural education enables an appraisal of current ethnocentric and assimilative policies, together with related social inclusion strategies. The position of the Romani peoples, in particular, functions as a magnifying glass with which it is possible to analyse Italy’s overall approach towards cultural diversity. The discourse on ‘interculture’ in Italy is also placed in the broader context of the ongoing international debate about the “multiculturalism” versus “interculturalism” paradigm.

Keywords

Multiculturalism Migration Institutional racism Interculturalism Intercultural education Italy Romani peoples 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Alfred Deakin Research Institute for Citizenship and GlobalisationDeakin UniversityBurwoodAustralia

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