The Synergies Between Mobile Phone Access and Off Grid Energy Solutions

Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)


Mobile connectivity has grown beyond the electricity grid in most emerging markets: the slow growth of grid access over the last 10 years compared to the rapid expansion of mobile networks has widened the existing gap between access to mobile and access to electricity. The GSMA estimates that this gap is equivalent to more than 643 million people covered by mobile networks without access to electricity, representing up to 53 % of the global off grid population. According to five mobile channels, namely the off grid telecom tower infrastructure, mobile operators distribution networks, machine to machine connectivity, mobile payments and mobile services, the mobile industry offers innovative pathways to achieve reliable energy access for currently underserved communities.


Mobile phone Mobile payment Off grid telecom tower 


  1. Banerjee, S. G., Bhatia, M., Azuela, G. E., Jaques, I., Sarkar, A., Portale, E., et al. (2013). Washington overview. Global tracking framework. Sustainable energy for All D.C. Washington, D.C: World Bank.Google Scholar
  2. DiCastri, S., & Gidvani, L. (2013). The Kenyan journey to digital financial inclusion. GSMA mobile money for the unbanked. Bankable Frontier Associates.Google Scholar
  3. Hammond, A., Kramer, W. J., Tran, J., Walker, C., & Katz, R. (2007). The next 4 billion—Market size and business strategy at the base of the pyramid. World Resources Institute.Google Scholar
  4. Liebreich, M. (2013). Scaling up financing to expand the renewables portfolio. Bloomberg New Energy Finance.Google Scholar
  5. Nique, M. (2013). Sizing the opportunity of mobile to support energy and water access. GSMA Mobile Enabled Community Services.Google Scholar
  6. Penicaud, C. (2013). State of the industry—Results from the 2012 global mobile money adoption survey. GSMA Mobile Money for the Unbanked.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GSMAMobile Enabled Community Services (MECS)LondonUK

Personalised recommendations