Skip to main content

Advanced Solar-Irrigation Scheduling for Sustainable Rural Development: A Case of India

  • Conference paper
  • First Online:
Decentralized Solutions for Developing Economies

Part of the book series: Springer Proceedings in Energy ((SPE))


In the past few years, there have been large migrations from the rural to the urban areas of India as the country has developed. This has led to shortage of agricultural manpower in rural India, a region which is essential for the country’s food security. Also, groundwater depletion in rural areas is affecting agriculture. Automating some agricultural tasks in a sustainable, scientific way could address this, leading to decreased water and energy use and increased crop yields. We develop a research platform to implement proof-of-concept of a system for precision agriculture incorporating renewable energy sources and information technology. Data collected by this system will be used to design a low-cost, commercial version of this technology for the rural Indian farmer.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. 1.

    This work is a joint effort between BMS College of Engineering, Bangalore and FluxGen Engineering Technologies pvt. ltd., Bangalore.

  2. 2.

    Patent pending.


  • Black, C. A. (1965). Methods of soil analysis: part I—Physical and mineralogical properties. Madison, USA: American Society of Agronomy.

    Google Scholar 

  • Doorenbos, J., & Pruitt, W. O. (1977). Guidelines for predicting crop water requirements. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper, 24, 15–29.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hari, D. K., Shankar, G., Kumar, T., & Voleti, L. (2013). Performing advanced irrigation scheduling for sustainable agriculture using LabVIEW and NI single-board RIO. Retrieved from National Instruments Web Site:

  • Jamir, C., Sharma, N., Sengupta, A., & Ravindranath, N. (2013). Farmers’ vulnerability to climate variability in Dimapur district of Nagaland, India. Regional Environmental Change, 13, 153–164.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Karnataka farmers to get 7 hours three-phase power supply. (2014). The Hindu, Retrieved on Jan 29, 2014, from

  • Mishra, S. (2008). Risks, farmers’ suicides and agrarian crisis in India: Is there a way out? Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 63(1), 38–54.

    Google Scholar 

  • Prasad, R. (1988). A linear root water uptake model. Journal of Hydrology, 99(3), 297–306.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Pullenkav, T. (2013). Solar water pumping for irrigation: Opportunities in Bihar, India. GIZ (Indo-German Energy Program—IGEN). Retrieved from

  • Purohit, P., & Michaelowa, A. (2008). CDM potential of SPV pumps in India. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 12, 181–199.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Raghavan, S., Bharadwaj, A., Thatte, A. A., Harish, S., Iychettira, K. K., & Perumal, R. (2010). Harnessing solar energy: Options for India. Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy: Bangalore.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rodell, M., Velicogna, I., & Famiglietti, J. S. (2009). Satellite-based estimates of groundwater depletion in India. Nature, 460, 999–1002.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Turner, A. G., & Annamalai, H. (2012). Climate change and the South Asian summer monsoon. Nature Climate Change, 2, 587–595.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Walker, J. P., Willgoose, G. R., & Kalma, J. D. (2004). In situ measurement of soil moisture: a comparison of techniques. Journal of Hydrology, 293(1), 85–99.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


We sincerely thank ADA for sponsoring the visit of Dr. Suresh K.R. at the MES-BREG 2014 Symposium held at UC Berkeley in April 2014.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hari Dilip Kumar .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2015 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

About this paper

Cite this paper

Kumar, H.D., Tejas Kumar, N., Suresh, K.R., Mitavachan, H., Shankar, G. (2015). Advanced Solar-Irrigation Scheduling for Sustainable Rural Development: A Case of India. In: Groh, S., van der Straeten, J., Edlefsen Lasch, B., Gershenson, D., Leal Filho, W., Kammen, D. (eds) Decentralized Solutions for Developing Economies. Springer Proceedings in Energy. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-15963-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-15964-5

  • eBook Packages: EnergyEnergy (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics