Advanced Solar-Irrigation Scheduling for Sustainable Rural Development: A Case of India

  • Hari Dilip Kumar
  • N. Tejas Kumar
  • K. R. Suresh
  • H. Mitavachan
  • Ganesh Shankar
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)


In the past few years, there have been large migrations from the rural to the urban areas of India as the country has developed. This has led to shortage of agricultural manpower in rural India, a region which is essential for the country’s food security. Also, groundwater depletion in rural areas is affecting agriculture. Automating some agricultural tasks in a sustainable, scientific way could address this, leading to decreased water and energy use and increased crop yields. We develop a research platform to implement proof-of-concept of a system for precision agriculture incorporating renewable energy sources and information technology. Data collected by this system will be used to design a low-cost, commercial version of this technology for the rural Indian farmer.


Precision agriculture Renewable energy Solar irrigation Indian farmer Information technology Water management 



We sincerely thank ADA for sponsoring the visit of Dr. Suresh K.R. at the MES-BREG 2014 Symposium held at UC Berkeley in April 2014.


  1. Black, C. A. (1965). Methods of soil analysis: part I—Physical and mineralogical properties. Madison, USA: American Society of Agronomy.Google Scholar
  2. Doorenbos, J., & Pruitt, W. O. (1977). Guidelines for predicting crop water requirements. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper, 24, 15–29.Google Scholar
  3. Hari, D. K., Shankar, G., Kumar, T., & Voleti, L. (2013). Performing advanced irrigation scheduling for sustainable agriculture using LabVIEW and NI single-board RIO. Retrieved from National Instruments Web Site:
  4. Jamir, C., Sharma, N., Sengupta, A., & Ravindranath, N. (2013). Farmers’ vulnerability to climate variability in Dimapur district of Nagaland, India. Regional Environmental Change, 13, 153–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Karnataka farmers to get 7 hours three-phase power supply. (2014). The Hindu, Retrieved on Jan 29, 2014, from
  6. Mishra, S. (2008). Risks, farmers’ suicides and agrarian crisis in India: Is there a way out? Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 63(1), 38–54.Google Scholar
  7. Prasad, R. (1988). A linear root water uptake model. Journal of Hydrology, 99(3), 297–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Pullenkav, T. (2013). Solar water pumping for irrigation: Opportunities in Bihar, India. GIZ (Indo-German Energy Program—IGEN). Retrieved from
  9. Purohit, P., & Michaelowa, A. (2008). CDM potential of SPV pumps in India. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 12, 181–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Raghavan, S., Bharadwaj, A., Thatte, A. A., Harish, S., Iychettira, K. K., & Perumal, R. (2010). Harnessing solar energy: Options for India. Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy: Bangalore.Google Scholar
  11. Rodell, M., Velicogna, I., & Famiglietti, J. S. (2009). Satellite-based estimates of groundwater depletion in India. Nature, 460, 999–1002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Turner, A. G., & Annamalai, H. (2012). Climate change and the South Asian summer monsoon. Nature Climate Change, 2, 587–595.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Walker, J. P., Willgoose, G. R., & Kalma, J. D. (2004). In situ measurement of soil moisture: a comparison of techniques. Journal of Hydrology, 293(1), 85–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hari Dilip Kumar
    • 1
  • N. Tejas Kumar
    • 1
  • K. R. Suresh
    • 3
  • H. Mitavachan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ganesh Shankar
    • 1
  1. 1.FluxGen Engineering Technologies Pvt. LtdBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Postgraduate Program Renewable EnergyOldenburgGermany
  3. 3.BMS College of EngineeringBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations