Discussion and Conclusion

  • Hongzhi Yang
Part of the English Language Education book series (ELED, volume 3)


This chapter compares the findings of the three cases and then draws conclusions based on these comparisons. In this chapter, I will firstly present the three case studies in the context of the reform community, to discuss their agency in relation to the reform in a broader landscape. The second section of the chapter compares the three cases to explore the factors which account for the different nature of agency. Following that I evaluate the limitations of this study. Finally, this chapter concludes with a discussion of the implications of this study for research on teacher education and reform implementation, including the directions for future research.


Reform community Slippage Top-down policy Centralised system Pseudo-compliance Teacher education 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hongzhi Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of New South WalesSydneyAustralia

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