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Comparison of Single and Multi-objective Evolutionary Algorithms for Robust Link-State Routing

  • Vitor Pereira
  • Pedro Sousa
  • Paulo Cortez
  • Miguel Rio
  • Miguel RochaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9019)

Abstract

Traffic Engineering (TE) approaches are increasingly important in network management to allow an optimized configuration and resource allocation. In link-state routing, the task of setting appropriate weights to the links is both an important and a challenging optimization task. A number of different approaches has been put forward towards this aim, including the successful use of Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs). In this context, this work addresses the evaluation of three distinct EAs, a single and two multi-objective EAs, in two tasks related to weight setting optimization towards optimal intra-domain routing, knowing the network topology and aggregated traffic demands and seeking to minimize network congestion. In both tasks, the optimization considers scenarios where there is a dynamic alteration in the state of the system, in the first considering changes in the traffic demand matrices and in the latter considering the possibility of link failures. The methods will, thus, need to simultaneously optimize for both conditions, the normal and the altered one, following a preventive TE approach towards robust configurations. Since this can be formulated as a bi-objective function, the use of multi-objective EAs, such as SPEA2 and NSGA-II, came naturally, being those compared to a single-objective EA. The results show a remarkable behavior of NSGA-II in all proposed tasks scaling well for harder instances, and thus presenting itself as the most promising option for TE in these scenarios.

Keywords

Multi-objective evolutionary algorithms Traffic engineering NSGA SPEA Intra-domain routing OSPF 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vitor Pereira
    • 1
  • Pedro Sousa
    • 1
  • Paulo Cortez
    • 2
  • Miguel Rio
    • 3
  • Miguel Rocha
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Centro Algoritmi/Department of InformaticsUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal
  2. 2.Centro Algoritmi/Department of Information SystemsUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal
  3. 3.Department of Electronic and Electrical EngineeringUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  4. 4.Centre Biological Engineering/Department of InformaticsUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal

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