• Pamela A. JacksonEmail author
  • Andrea A. Chiba
  • Robert F. Berman
  • Michael E. Ragozzino


Understanding how our individual experiences are remembered has been an enduring interest and mystery to our species. This lasting intrigue in trying to understand the nature of memory may result from our ability to learn and remember a plethora of information that fundamentally shapes and defines who we are as individuals. The emergence of neuroscience focused attention on how the brain represents memory. One contemporary view is that memory is a fundamental property that emerges from the operations of the brain and that this fundamental property of memory is distributed throughout the brain in various neural systems. This conceptualization has led to the idea that memory as a basic component of various brain operations leads to multiple forms of memory represented in numerous, but distinct neural systems. In the neurobiology of learning and memory field this is simply referred to as multiple memory systems.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pamela A. Jackson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Andrea A. Chiba
    • 2
  • Robert F. Berman
    • 3
  • Michael E. Ragozzino
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyRadford UniversityRadfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of Cognitive Science and Program in Neuroscience, Temporal Dynamics of Learning CenterUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Neurological SurgeryUniversity of California, DavisDavisUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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