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Exploration of the Neurobiological Basis for a Three-System, Multi-attribute Model of Memory

  • Raymond P. KesnerEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The structure and utilization of memory is central to one’s knowledge of the past, interpretation of the present, and prediction of the future. Therefore, the understanding of the structural and process components of memory systems at the psychological and neurobiological level is of paramount importance. In this chapter, I am presenting data in support of a neurobiological basis for an attribute model based on different forms or attributes of memory such as space, time, response, sensory-perception, reward value (affect) and in humans a language attribute is also added. These attributes are processed by different neural regions and interconnected networks across all three (event-based, knowledge-based, and rule-based) memory systems. Each memory system operates in processing mnemonic information based on a unique set of processes. The selection of some of these processes has been influenced greatly by computational models of specific brain regions. For each brain area there are a large number of processes that define the operation of each memory system. The hippocampus is used extensively, but not exclusively, to detail the multiple operations that characterize the overall activity of this brain region within the event-based memory system. The processes that are discussed for the event-based memory system include conjunctive encoding, spatial pattern separation, formation of arbitrary associations, pattern completion, and temporal pattern separation. The processes that are discussed for the knowledge-based memory system include perceptual memory and repetition priming. For the rule-based memory system the process of working memory is presented. Furthermore, based on brain-behavior experiments, there are interactions and parallel processing operations between the event-based memory system and the knowledge-based systems, between the event-based and rule-based memory systems, and between the rule-based and knowledge-based systems.

Keywords

Event-based memory Knowledge-based memory Rule-based memory Neural substrates of memory Conjunctive encoding Spatial pattern separation Arbitrary associations Pattern completion Temporal pattern separation Perceptual memory 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

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