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Frontal Types

  • Eduardo Marcelo AchaEmail author
  • Alberto Piola
  • Oscar Iribarne
  • Hermes Mianzan
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science book series (BRIEFSENVIRONMENTAL)

Abstract

Fronts are a dynamic phenomenon separating water masses of different properties. They are narrow three-dimensional structures caused by diverse forcing mechanisms; and are characterized by distinct physical, chemical, and biological properties. Fronts occur throughout the world ocean at several spatial and temporal scales. Most stable fronts are steered by bottom topography. The most studied frontal types are tidal fronts, shelf-break fronts, upwelling fronts, estuarine fronts, plume fronts, fronts generated by convergence or divergence of water masses, frontal eddies and fronts associated with abrupt topographic features.

Keywords

Classification of fronts Physical forcing Haline fronts Thermal fronts Spatio-temporal scales of fronts 

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduardo Marcelo Acha
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Alberto Piola
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  • Oscar Iribarne
    • 2
  • Hermes Mianzan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Pesquero (INIDEP)Proyecto Ecología PesqueraMar del PlataArgentina
  2. 2.Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (IIMyC)Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas-Universidad Nacional de Mar del PlataMar del PlataArgentina
  3. 3.Departamento OceanografíaServício de Hídrografia NavalBuenos AiresArgentina
  4. 4.Departamento de Ciencias de la Atmósfera y los Océanos, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y NaturalesUniversidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  5. 5.Instituto Franco-Argentino Sobre Estudios del Clima y sus ImpactosBuenos AiresArgentina
  6. 6.Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y TécnicasBuenos AiresArgentina

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