Advertisement

Laboratories of Community: How Digital Humanities Can Further New European Integration History

  • Mariona Coll ArdanuyEmail author
  • Maarten van den Bos
  • Caroline Sporleder
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8852)

Abstract

It has been said that media is an important but mostly overlooked player in European integration history. Now, the mass digitisation of newspapers and the introduction of new digital techniques promise great potential to remedy this inattention. With the conjecture that people are drivers and carriers of change, we propose a people-centric approach to mine news articles in a way that can be most useful to further historical research. In this paper, we describe a methodology for building social networks from unstructured news stories, with the European integration scenario serving as a case study.

Keywords

Digital history Text mining European integration International relations Social network Public discourse 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bamman, D., O’Connor, B., Smith, N.A.: Learning latent personas of film characters. In: Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pp. 352–361 (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    de Bruin, R.: Elastisch Europa. De integratie van Europa en de Nederlandse politiek, 1947–1968. Wereldbibliotheek, Amsterdam (2014)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Coll Ardanuy, M., Sporleder, C.: Structure-based clustering of novels. In: Third Workshop on Computational Linguistics for Literature at EACL 2014, pp. 31–39. Gothenburg, Sweden (2014)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Elson, D.K., Dames, N., McKeown, K.R.: Extracting social networks from literary fiction. In: Proceedings of the 48th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pp. 138–147 (2010)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    de Roode, S.L.R.: Seeing Europe Through the Nation. TheRole of National Self-images in the Perception of European Integration inthe English, German, and Dutch Press in the 1950s and 1990s. Steiner, Stuttgart (2012)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hooghe, L., Marks, G.: Europe’s blues. Theoreticalsoul-searching after the rejection of the european constitution. Political Science & Politics 39(2), 247–250 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jackson, C.A.: Using Social Network Analysis to Reveal Unseen Relationships in Medieval Scotland. In: Digital Humanities Conference, Lausanne (2014)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kaiser, W.: Transnational western europe since 1945. Integration as political society formation. In: Kaiser, W., Starie, P. (eds.) Transnational European Union. Towards a Common Political Space, pp. 17–35. Routledge, London (2005)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kaiser, W.: Transnational networks in european governance. The informal politics of integration. In: Kaiser, W., Leucht, B., Rasmussen, M. (eds.) The History of the European Union. Origins of a Trans- and Supranational Polity 1950–1972, pp. 12–33. Routledge, New York/London (2009)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lundestad, G.: “Empire” by Integration: The United States and European Integration, 1945–1997. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1998)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mazower, M.: Dark Continent. Europe’s Twentieth Century. Vintage Books, London (1998)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Medrano, J.D.: Framing Europe. Spain, and the United Kingdom. Princeton University Press, Princeton, Attitudes to European Integration in Germany (2003)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Meyer, J.H.: Tracing the European Public Sphere. A Comparative Analysis of British, French and German Quality Newspaper Coverage of European Summits (1969–1991). Steiner, Stuttgart (2010)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Milward, A.S.: The European Rescue of the Nation-state. Routledge, London (1992)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Moravcsik, A.: The Choice for Europe. Social Purpose and State Power from Messina to Maastricht. Cornell University Press, London/New York (1998)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Moravcsik, A.: What Can we Learn from the Collapse of the European Constitutional Project? Politische Vierteljahresschrift 47(2), 219–241 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Oelke, D., Kokkinakis, D., Malm, M.: Advanced visual analytics methods for literature analysis. In: Language Technology for Cultural Heritage, Social Sciences, and Humanities (LaTeCH) at EACL 2012 Workshop. Avignon, France (2012)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Padgett, J.F., Ansell, C.K.: Robust action and the rise of the Medici, 1400–1434. American Journal of Sociology 98(6), 1259–1319 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Piersma, H., Ribbens, K.: Digital Historical Research. Context, Concepts and the Need for Reflection. BMGN - Low Countries Historical. Review 128(4), 78–102 (2013)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rochat, Y., Fournier, M., Mazzei, A., Kaplan, F.: A network analysis approach of the venetian incanto system. In: Digital Humanities Conference, Lausanne (2014)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Seidel, K.: From pioneer work to refinement. publication trends. In: European Union History: Themes and Debates, pp. 26–44. Palgrave, Basingstoke (2010)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Trenz, H.J.: Media: The unknown player in european integration. In: Media. Democracy and European Culture, pp. 49–64. Intellect, Bristol (2008)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    van Dam, P.: Staat van verzuiling. Over een Nederlandse mythe. Wereldbibliotheek, Amsterdam (2011)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    van den Bos, M.: Mensen van goede wil. Pax Christi Nederland (forthcoming)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    van Eijnatten, J., Pieters, T., Verheul, J.: Big Data for Global History: The Transformative Promise of Digital Humanities. BMGN - Low Countries Historical Review 128(4), 55–77 (2013)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    van Middelaar, L.: Telling Another Story of Europe. A Reply in Favour of Politics. BMGN - Low Countries Historical. Review 125(4), 82–89 (2010)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    van Middelaar, L.: The Passage to Europe: How a Continent Became a Union. Yale University Press, London (2013)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Wendt, A.: Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wieneke, L., Düring, M., Sillaume, G., Lallemand, C., Croce, V., Lazzaro, M., Nucci, F.S., Pasini, C., Fraternali, P., Tagliasacchi, M., Melenhorst, M., Novak, J., Micheel, I., Harloff, E., Garcia Moron, J.: Building the social graph of the history of european integration. In: HistoInformatics Workshop at SocInfo 2013, Kyoto (2013)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Wolf, M.: Het geheim van De Telegraaf: geschiedenis van een krant. Boom, Amsterdam (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mariona Coll Ardanuy
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maarten van den Bos
    • 2
  • Caroline Sporleder
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TrierTrierGermany
  2. 2.University of UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations