The Erythraeoidea (Trombidiformes: Prostigmata) as Biological Control Agents, with Special Reference to the Genus Balaustium

  • Karen Muñoz-Cárdenas
  • Luz Stella Fuentes-QuinteroEmail author
  • Diana Rueda-Ramirez
  • C. Daniel Rodríguez
  • R. Fernando Cantor
Part of the Progress in Biological Control book series (PIBC, volume 19)


Erythraeoidea is a widely distributed group with great potential for practical use in biological control programs, but whose study has been limited due to the complex life cycle that often includes alteration in feeding behaviour and habitat. Several associations of these mites to different species of arthropods of agricultural importance have been reported; however, only in few cases, its effect in these populations has been verified. This chapter reviews information about the general morphological characterization of the superfamily; the diversity, distribution and habitats of the principal family, Erythraeidae; and subsequently gives special emphasis to the current knowledge of several aspects of Balaustium, the most widely studied genus. It is included the limitation for the current practical use of this group and some factors that need further studies.


Parasitengona Erythraeidae Smarididae Life cycle Diversity Distribution Potencial Associations Predation Parasitism 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen Muñoz-Cárdenas
    • 1
  • Luz Stella Fuentes-Quintero
    • 2
    Email author
  • Diana Rueda-Ramirez
    • 3
  • C. Daniel Rodríguez
    • 4
  • R. Fernando Cantor
    • 4
  1. 1.IBED, Population BiologyUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas y Ambientales, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales e IngenieríaUniversidad de Bogotá Jorge Tadeo LozanoBogotáColombia
  3. 3.Departamento de Entomologia e AcarologiaEscola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz” – Universidade de São PauloPiracicabaBrazil
  4. 4.Programa de Biología Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias Básicas y aplicadasUniversidad Militar Nueva GranadaCajicáColombia

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