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The Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) as Biological Control Agents

  • James A. McMurtryEmail author
  • Nazer Famah Sourassou
  • Peterson Rodrigo Demite
Part of the Progress in Biological Control book series (PIBC, volume 19)

Abstract

Phytoseiidae is the most important family of plant inhabiting predatory mites. These mites are extensively used as biological control agents for management of mite and insect pests of crops grown in greenhouses and in open field. Interest in research on phytoseiids has steadily increased worldwide during the last 50 years, resulting in a large number of papers regarding their taxonomy, biology, ecology and practical use. Currently, there are more than 2,700 species described in this family, which are organized in 91 genera. Phytoseiids have been reported from all continents, except Antarctica. Descriptions of new species and conduction of works on bioecological studies as well as on their practical use continue steady. This chapter is not intended to be an exhaustive review of research involving phytoseiids. Instead, it gives a set of statistics about the taxonomy, world distribution and micro-habitats occupied by these mites. A summary of more recent investigations on these mites has been also collated in this chapter. Suggestions are presented for activities that could help improvement of biological control projects.

Keywords

Phytoseiids Taxonomy Biology Behaviour Ecology Pest management Distribution 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Thanks are due to Prof. Dr. Gilberto J. de Moraes (ESALQ-USP, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil) for his numerous comments and suggestions in the preparation of this chapter. Peterson R. Demite and N. Famah Sourassou are FAPESP Postdoctoral fellows (Process # 2011/08941-3 and 2012/21422-2, respectively).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • James A. McMurtry
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nazer Famah Sourassou
    • 2
  • Peterson Rodrigo Demite
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyUniversity of California, RiversideSunriverUSA
  2. 2.Departamento de Entomologia e AcarologiaEscola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz”, Universidade de São PauloPiracicabaBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto Federal GoianoUrutaíBrazil

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