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Heavy-Ion Physics at the LHC

  • Ralf AverbeckEmail author
  • John W. Harris
  • Björn Schenke
Chapter

Abstract

The first collisions of lead nuclei delivered by the Large Hadron Collider in late 2010 mark the beginning of a new chapter in the study of relativistic heavy-ion collisions. With \(\sqrt{s_{\textit{NN}}}\,= \,{2.76}\,{\,\text{ TeV }}\), the energy record so far held by BNL’s Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider was exceeded by more than one order of magnitude. Substantial data samples of Pb–Pb collisions were recorded during the first 3 years of LHC operation, furthering the understanding of the properties of strongly interacting matter under extreme conditions. Not only did the LHC programme confirm the formation of a hot and dense medium with a ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density close to the predicted lower bound for quantum fluids it also opens up new approaches to determine in detail the properties of this elusive medium. In this chapter, an overview is given of the results from the heavy-ion programme published so far, with emphasis on measurements of correlation observables and, in particular, hard probes of the medium, which are produced abundantly for the first time in heavy-ion collisions at LHC energies.

Keywords

Heavy Quark Charm Quark Azimuthal Anisotropy Elliptic Flow Forward Rapidity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralf Averbeck
    • 1
    Email author
  • John W. Harris
    • 2
  • Björn Schenke
    • 3
  1. 1.EMMIGSI Helmholtzzentrum für SchwerionenforschungDarmstadtGermany
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsYale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  3. 3.Physics DepartmentBrookhaven National LaboratoryUptonUSA

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