The Effect of Leadership on Organizational Health

  • Sevil OrhanEmail author
  • Şule Betül Tosuntaş


The effect of leadership on organizational health was examined in this meta-analysis study. A total of 67 research studies were collected as a result of the review, out of which 6 were included in the meta-analysis. The six research studies were compiled to obtain a sample size of 3,031 subjects. The analysis results of the random effect model showed that leadership has a large positive effect on organizational health . Leadership style , sample group , publication type and publication year were identified as moderator variables for this study, and it was found that leadership style , sample group and year of publication were moderators with a positive effect, whereas the publication type was not found to be moderator.


Research Study Moderator Variable Leadership Style Large Positive Effect Healthy Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Akbaba, S. (1997). Organizational health of secondary school. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.Google Scholar
  2. Ardıç, K., & Polatcı, S. (2007). Holistic view on employee welfare and organizational effectiveness: Organizational health. Atatürk University Journal of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 21(1), 137–154.Google Scholar
  3. Borenstein, M., Hedges, L. V., Higgins, J. P. T., & Rothstein, H. R. (2009). Introduction to meta-analysis. Chichester: Wiley.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cemaloglu, N. (2007). The impact of school administrators’ leadership styles on organizational health. Journal of Turkey Social Research, 2, 165.*Google Scholar
  5. Cemaloglu, N. (2011). Primary principals’ leadership styles, school organizational health and workplace bullying. Journal of Educational Administration, 49(5), 495–512.*Google Scholar
  6. Cengiz, R. (2008). The relation between professional football club’s director’s transformational leadership styles with organizational health and footballers mobbing living. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.Google Scholar
  7. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillside, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  8. Dudek-Shriber, L. (1997). Leadership qualities of occupational therapy department program directors and the organizational health of their departments. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association, 51(5), 369–377.*Google Scholar
  9. Edwards, C. B. (2008). An investigation of the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational health. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database, (UMI No. 3311413).*Google Scholar
  10. Gül, H. (2007). Relationships among job stress, organizational health and performance: A field study. KMU Journal of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 13, 318–332.Google Scholar
  11. Hedges, L. V., & Olkin, I. (1985). Statistical methods for meta-analysis. New York, NY: Academic.Google Scholar
  12. Hoy, W. K., & Feldman, J. A. (1987). Organizational health: The concept and its measure. Journal of Research and Development in Education, 20(4), 30–37.Google Scholar
  13. Korkmaz, M. (2007). The effects of leadership on organizational health. Educational Research Quarterly, 30(3), 22–54.*Google Scholar
  14. Köseoğlu, M. A., & Karyormuk, K. (2009). What is the organizational health: Are there differences among opinions of managers? Atatürk University Journal of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 23(2), 175–193.Google Scholar
  15. Kulinskaya, E., Morgenthaler, S., & Staudte, R. G. (2008). Meta-analysis: A guide to calibrating and combining statistical evidence. West Sussex: Wiley.Google Scholar
  16. Miles, M. B. (2000). Planned change and organizational health: Figure and ground. In F. D. Carver & T. J. Sergiovanni (Eds.), Organizations and human behavior (pp. 375–391). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  17. Ordu, A., & Tanrıöğen, A. (2013). The relationships between organizational structure and organizational health in primary schools. Pamukkale University Journal of Educational, 33, 93–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Polatcı, S., Ardıç, K., & Kaya, A. (2008). Analysis of organizational health and variables affected it in academic institutions. Journal of Management and Economics, 15(2), 145–161.Google Scholar
  19. Recepoğlu, E. (2011). The relationship between principals’ humor styles and both instructional leadership behaviours and organizational health of the school. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.Google Scholar
  20. Recepoğlu, E., & Özdemir, S. (2013). The relationship between principals’ instructional leadership behaviors and organizational health of the school. Educational Administration: Theory & Practice, 19(4), 629–664.*Google Scholar
  21. Valente, M. E. (1999). The relationship of organizational health, leadership, and teacher empowerment. American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting Papers. Montreal, Canada.Google Scholar
  22. Yıldırım, C. (2006). Effect of school directors leadership styles on organizational health (case of Ankara). Unpublished master thesis, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.Google Scholar
  23. Yüceler, A., Doğanalp, B., & Kaya, Ş. D. (2013). The relation between organizational health and organizational commitment. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 4(10), 781–788.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Uşak UniversityUşakTurkey
  2. 2.Eskişehir Osmangazi UniversityEskişehirTurkey

Personalised recommendations