The Future of Pharmacy Practice Research

  • Zaheer-Ud-Din BabarEmail author
  • Anna Birna Almarsdottir


The chapter starts by outlining the current and future scenario related to pharmacy practice research. This chapter then sets the scene by discussing issues that are pertinent for practice research. These issues are changes in population demographics; changes in technology, the role of the pharmacy as an institution and consumer behaviour; as well as changes in the pharmacy profession. It also outlines the major shifts in pharmacy practice research, which include interprofessional collaboration and teamwork with patients, describing and measuring outcomes of interventions as well as patients’ cultural diversity. It concludes by drawing attention to methodologies that would be most commonly used in future pharmacy practice research. Some of the future methodological challenges could be the emergence of big and complex data sets, dealing with electronic health records and pharmacy practice researchers’ adoption of a myriad of mixed methodologies.


Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Community Pharmacy Electronic Health Record Pharmaceutical Care Baby Boomer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Almarsdóttir AB, Traulsen JM (2009) Multimethod research into policy changes in the pharmacy sector – the Nordic case. Res Social Adm Pharm 5(1):82–90CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Almarsdottir AB, Kaae S, Traulsen JM (2013) Opportunities and challenges in social pharmacy and pharmacy practice research. Res Social Adm Pharm 10(1):252–255CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (2010) Home medicines review program qualitative research project final report. Campbell Research and Consulting, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  4. Babar Z-U-D, Susan F (2014) Identifying priority medicines policy issues for New Zealand. BMJ Open 4(5):e004415CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Babar ZU, Gray A, Kiani A, Vogler S, Ballantyne P, Scahill S (2014) The future of medicines use and access research: using the Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice as a platform for change. J Pharm Policy Pract 7:8.
  6. Barr P (2014) The boomer challenge. Trustee February:13–16Google Scholar
  7. Burckart GJ (2012) Clinical pharmacology and clinical pharmacy: a marriage of necessity. Eur J Hosp Pharm 19:19–21Google Scholar
  8. Canadian Pharmacists Association (2008) Blueprint for pharmacy: designing the future together. Canadian Pharmacists Association, Ottawa, ON. Accessed 11 November 2014
  9. Gayomali C (2013) Can you 3D print drugs? The Week, 26 June.
  10. Health and Social Care Information Centre (2012) General pharmaceutical services in England: 2002–03 to 2011–12.
  11. Herzlinger RE (1997) Market-driven health care: who wins, who loses in the transformation of America’s largest service industry. Addison–Wesley, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  12. Hindle K, Cutting N (2002) Can applied entrepreneurial education enhance job satisfaction and financial performance? An empirical investigation in the Australian Pharmacy Profession. J Small Bus Manag 40:162–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kaplan W, Wirtz VJ, Mantel-Teeuwisse A, Stolk P, Duthey B, Laing R (2013) Priority medicines for Europe and the World: 2013 update. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  14. Kronus CL (1975) Occupational values, role orientations and work settings: the case of pharmacy. Socio Q 16:171–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kymlicka W (2010) The current state of multiculturalism in Canada and research themes on Canadian multiculturalism 2008–2010.
  16. Lewis NJW, Shimp LA, Rockafellow S, Tingen JM, Choe HM, Marcelino MA (2014) The role of the pharmacist in patient-centered medical home practices: current perspectives. Integr Pharm Res Pract 3:29–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ling AM, Panno NJ, Shader ME, Sobinsky RM, Whitehead HN, Hale KM (2008) The evolving scope of pharmacy practice: perspectives from future pharmacists.
  18. Mak VSL, Clark A, Poulsen JH et al (2011) Pharmacists’ awareness of Australia’s health care reforms and their beliefs and attitudes about their current and future roles. Int J Pharm Pract 20(1):33–40CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Medication Therapy Management (2014) Centers for Medicaid and Medicare services.
  20. Murdan S, Blum N, Francis SA, Slater E, Alem N, Munday M, Taylor J, Smith F (2014) The global pharmacist., UCL School of Pharmacy
  21. Pharmaceutical Care (2012) Policies and practices for a safer, more responsible and cost-effective health system. European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines & HealthCare, EDQM.
  22. Raghupathi W, Raghupathi V (2014) Big data analytics in healthcare: promise and potential. Health Inform Sci Syst 2:3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rosenthal M, Austin Z, Tsuyuki RT (2010) Are pharmacists the ultimate barrier to pharmacy practice change? CPJ 143(1):37–42Google Scholar
  24. Scottish Government (2013) Prescription for excellence: a vision and action plan for the right pharmaceutical care through integrated partnerships and innovation. Scottish Government, Edinburgh.
  25. Scahill SL (2011) Community pharmacy doesn’t appear as part of the collaboration discourse within New Zealand primary care. J Prim Healthcare 3(3):244–247Google Scholar
  26. Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University (2005) Patterns of medication use in the United States 2005: a report from the Slone Survey. Accessed 23 June 2008
  27. Smith J, Picton C, Dayan M (2013) Now or never: shaping pharmacy for the future, the report of the Commission on future models of care delivered through pharmacy November 2013. Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, London UK.
  28. Snyder ME, Zillich AJ, Primack BA, Rice KR, McGivney MAS, Pringle JL, Smith RB (2010) Exploring successful community pharmacist-physician collaborative working relationships using mixed methods. Res Social Adm Pharm 6(4):307–323CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. The Fifth Community Pharmacy Agreement between the Commonwealth of Australia and the Pharmacy Guild of Australia (2010) Accessed 11 November 2014
  30. The Future of Pharmaceuticals (2001) Healthcare Horizons, Institute for the Future.
  31. Thomas M, Plimley J (2012) The future of community pharmacy in England. AT Kearney, London.
  32. Traulsen JM, Noerreslet M (2004) The new consumer of medicine – the pharmacy technicians’ perspective. Pharm World Sci 26:203–207CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. U.S. Census Bureau (2014) Population projections, U.S. interim projections by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin: 2000–2050.
  34. United Nations Fund Population Fund (2013) Linking population, poverty and development.
  35. Useem M (2002) Leading up. Center for Leadership & Change. Accessed 11 November 2014
  36. Which (2008) A test of your own medicine. October, pp 12–15Google Scholar
  37. Winkler F (1987) Consumerism in health care: beyond the supermarket model. Policy Polit 15(1):1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anna Birna Almarsdottir
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, School of PharmacyUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Clinical Pharmacology, Institute of Public HealthUniversity of Southern DenmarkOdense CDenmark
  3. 3.Department of Clinical Chemistry and PharmacologyOdense University HospitalOdense CDenmark

Personalised recommendations