Protection of Refugees and Minorities

  • Hans-Joachim Heintze
  • Charlotte Lülf


Refugee and Minority law are two distinct fields of Public International Law that govern the protection of certain defined vulnerable individuals and groups. Their protection, in law and in the field, has been a challenge for humanitarian action and beyond not solely due to practical obstacles but also due to the disputed scope of their legal entitlements.


Books and Reports

  1. Coll G, Bhabha J (eds) (1992) Asylum law and practice in Europe and North America: a comparative analysis. WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  2. Feller E, Türk V, Nicholson F (eds) (2003) Refugee protection in international law. UNHCR’s Global Consultations on International Protection, CUP, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  3. Goodwin-Gill GS (1998) The refugee in international law, 2nd edn. OUP, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  4. Hathaway JC (2005) The rights of refugees under international law. CUP, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  5. Lambert H (1995) Seeking asylum: comparative law and practice in selected European countries. DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  6. McAdam J (2005) Complementary protection in international refugee law. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  7. McAdam J (2012) Climate change, forced migration, and international law. OxfordGoogle Scholar
  8. Sieghart P (1983) The international law of human rights. OxfordGoogle Scholar
  9. Symes M, Jorro P (2003) Asylum law and practice. Haywards HeathGoogle Scholar
  10. Thornberry P (1992) International law and the rights of minorities. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar

Articles and Book Chapters

  1. Arboleda E (1991) Refugee definition in Africa and Latin America: the lessons of pragmatism. Int J Refug Law 3(2):185–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Battjes H (2006) European asylum law and international law. In: Immigration and asylum law and policy in Europe series. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  3. Doehring K (2002) Self-determination. In: Simma B (ed) The Charter of the United Nations, a commentary. OxfordGoogle Scholar
  4. Eide A (2005) Historical and global perspective. In: Weller M (ed) The rights of minorities. CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  5. Ghebali V-Y (2009) The high commissioner on national minorities after 15 years: achievements, challenges and promises. Secur Hum Right 20Google Scholar
  6. Hailbronner K (1992) The legal status of population groups in a multinational state under public international law. In: Dinstein Y, Tabory M (eds) The protection of minorities and human rights. DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  7. Hathaway JC (2012) Refugees and asylum. In: Opeskin B, Perruchoud R, Redpath-Cross J (eds) Foundations of international migration law. CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  8. Henrard K, Minorities, international protection. In: Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL], online version, access:
  9. Nowak M (1993) CCPR Commentary, Article 27. KehlGoogle Scholar
  10. Plender R, Mole N (2000) Beyond the Geneva Convention: constructing a de facto right of asylum from international human rights instruments. In: Nicholson F, Twomey P (eds) Refugee rights and realities. Evolving international concepts and regimes. CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  11. van der Stoel M (1999) Peace and stability through human and minority rights. Baden-Baden, p 13Google Scholar


  1. International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Guidelines for the Domestic Facilitation and Regulation of International Disaster Relief and Initial Recovery Assistance, 2007.Google Scholar
  2. OAU Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa,

Further Reading

  1. Goodwin-Gill GS, McAdam J (2007) The refugee in international law, 3rd edn. Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar
  2. Henrard K (2013) Minorities, international protection. Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International LawGoogle Scholar
  3. Vedsted-Hansen J (ed) (2015) The refugee law reader. Cases, documents, and materials, 7th edn. Hungarian Helsinki CommitteeGoogle Scholar
  4. Weller M (2005) The rights of minorities. A commentary on the European Framework Convention for the protection of national minorities. Oxford University PressGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ruhr University BochumBochumGermany

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